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War of nerves between Iran and the United States

CLIMBING – After the American raid that killed Iranian general Qassem Soleimani, a major figure in the regime and a very popular personality in Iran, Trump says he is not “looking for war”. But this military escalation worries the international community. Follow the latest information.

TRUMP

Threats against threats. President Donald Trump warned Tehran on Saturday that the United States has identified 52 sites in Iran and will strike them “very quickly and very hard” if the Islamic Republic attacks American personnel or targets.

Some of these Iranian sites “are of a very high standard and very important for Iran and for Iranian culture,” he said in a tweet. “The United States does not want any more threats!”, He warned.

Donald Trump said the figure of 52 was the number of Americans who had been held hostage for more than a year from late 1979 at the U.S. Embassy in Tehran.

USA

“No war against Iran”, “the USA outside the Middle East” … It is by chanting these slogans that hundreds of demonstrators marched on Saturday in dozens of cities in the United States, especially in New York and Washington. In front of the White House, there were around 200 who gathered at the call of left-wing organizations. “We will not allow our country to be dragged into another unconscious war,” said one of the organizers, before the procession headed for the Trump hotel.

IRAQ

The threat of revenge becomes clearer after the assassination of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani. Brigades of Hezbollah, the most radical pro-Iran faction of Iraqi Hashd al-Chaabi, called on Saturday evening the Iraqi security forces to move “at least 1,000 meters” from their bases sheltering American soldiers to be counted Sunday evening.

IRAQ

Another attack targeted the ultra-secure Baghdad Green Zone almost simultaneously, according to security officials.

Two mortar shells fell in this sector where is located the headquarters of the American embassy attacked Tuesday by thousands of fighters and supporters of pro-Iran in Iraq.

According to the Iraqi military command, there were no casualties in the two attacks.

Urgent

IRAQ

Two Katyusha rockets fell on a base sheltering American soldiers in Baghdad, according to a security source quoted by AFP. It is the Balad base, located 80km north of the Iraqi capital, which houses US Air Force troops. The latter and several other military bases have been the subject of a series of similar attacks in recent weeks.

Since the end of October, thirteen rocket attacks have targeted American interests in Iraq, even killing an American subcontractor on October 27 at a base in the country’s oil center.

EMMANUEL MACRON

The head of state wants to believe that “the escalation of tensions in the Middle East is not inevitable”. That’s what he just said on Twitter.

RUSSIA

Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov spoke on Saturday with his Iranian counterpart Mohammad Javad Zarif on the phone after the death of General Qassem Soleimani.

According to a statement from Russian diplomacy, Sergei Lavrov offered his condolences to Mohammad Javad Zarif during this conversation initiated by Tehran.

“The ministers stressed that the actions of the United States constitute a flagrant violation of fundamental international law” and “are leading to a new cycle of escalating tensions in the region,” said the statement.

CHINA

China urged the United States on Saturday “not to use force” in the aftermath of a raid in Iraq that claimed the lives of General Qassem Soleimani, a key figure in Iranian influence in the Middle East.

“The dangerous US military operation violates basic standards of international relations and will exacerbate regional tensions and turbulence,” Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi told his Iranian counterpart in a telephone exchange, quoted by Chinese media.

FRANCE

Jean-Yves Le Drian, Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs, met this Saturday by telephone with his counterparts Heiko Mass (Germany) and Wang Yi (China): “I recalled France’s concern at regarding the mounting tensions in recent months in the Gulf region, “he said in a statement.

“I have seen that France fully shares with Germany the central objective of de-escalation and preservation of the Vienna agreement,” he added. “I was also able to verify a great convergence between France and China in order to strengthen our joint efforts to avoid an increase in tensions and facilitate de-escalation.”

TRUMP

Hours after the assassination of Iranian General Ghassem Soleimani by an American drone strike, the President of the United States endeavored to justify his decision by the need to restore an American deterrent.

RESPONSE

Iran said the United States had called for “proportionate revenge” after the assassination of the powerful Iranian general on Friday.

Switzerland, which represents US interests in Iran in the absence of diplomatic relations between the two countries, said Friday that its representative had “conveyed a message that the United States instructed him to deliver” to the ‘Iran, without specifying its content. Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammed Javad Zarif said that “the Swiss envoy had delivered a ridiculous message from the Americans” on Friday.

NATO

NATO has suspended training operations in Iraq, North Atlantic Alliance spokesman Dylan White said Saturday after the death of the Iranian general.

The NATO mission in Iraq, which has a few hundred soldiers,
since October 2018 has been training the country’s forces at the request of the Iraqi government to prevent the return of ISIS.

POLEMICIST

Filmmaker Michael Moore, a staunch opponent of Donald Trump to whom we owe the anti-Bush thug Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004), x-ray as usual what is happening in his country. He split a scathing tweet to the Americans: “At the end of the day, you will be scheduled to hate him. You will be glad that Trump murdered him. You will do what you are told Prepare to send your sons and daughters to war. “

IRAQ

After the Kazimiya Parade, an official national funeral will be held in the Green Zone of Baghdad in the presence of many Iraqi leaders.

FUNERAL

The coffins of the five Iraqis were brought to Kazimiya, a district of Baghdad which shelters a Shiite sanctuary, on pick-ups topped with national flags and which split the crowd dressed entirely in black. The bodies of the five Iranians were topped with the Iranian flag.

SECURITY

The anti-Jihadist coalition led by the United States has reduced its operations and strengthened the security of its Iraqi bases.

Iraqi parliament to hold special session on Sunday during which it could denounce the agreements on the presence of 5,200 American soldiers on its soil, at the same time that Washington has dispatched hundreds of reinforcements and plans to send up to 3,500 soldiers more in the region.

REACTION

“Americans have made a big mistake” for Mohammad Javid Zarif, Iranian foreign minister

REPRISALS

The United States has committed an “act of war” against Iran, which calls for reprisals, by killing Iranian General Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad, said Iranian Ambassador to the UN Majid Takht Ravanchi.

PRIME MINISTER

Iraqi Prime Minister Adel Abdel Mahdi resigns on Saturday from the funeral in Baghdad of the powerful Iranian general Qassem Soleimani and the Iranian man in Baghdad, the Iraqi Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis, killed in an American raid.

Also present were Hadi al-Ameri, patron of pro-Iran in Parliament
Iraqi, as well as former Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and several pro-Iranian Shiite faction leaders. A scheduled meeting in Parliament has been postponed until Sunday so that MEPs can also attend the funeral.

OBSEQUIES

Thousands of Iraqis conspired on Saturday in the funeral procession of the powerful Iranian general Qassem Soleimani killed in an American raid in Iraq, where a new attack targeted a convoy of pro-Iranian Iraqi paramilitaries.

REACTIONS

In an interview with Fox News on Friday, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said he was in telephone contact with leaders around the world to speak with them about the attack that caused the fury of the Iranians.

“Frankly, the Europeans have not been as useful as I would have hoped they would be,” he said, accusing them of not having been “useful”. According to him, “the British, the French, the Germans, everyone must understand that what we have done, what the Americans have done, has also saved lives in Europe”.

OBSEQUIES

Thousands of Iraqis chant “Death to America” ​​on Saturday in procession around the coffins of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani and Abu Mehdi al Mouhandis, his main lieutenant in Iraq, killed the day before in an American raid.

The participants in this funeral procession, in the district of Kazimiya in Baghdad which shelters a Shiite sanctuary, also shouted “Vengeance for Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis”, operational chief of Hachd al-Chaabi, coalition of paramilitaries integrated into the Iraqi security forces .

SOLEIMANI

The assassination of the head of the Qods Force of the Revolutionary Guards during an American air raid provoked a strong spirit of revenge in Iran. For Emmanuel Dupuy, President of the Prospective and Security Institute in Europe, “the Iranians have a certain number of targets”.

FIRST BALANCE SHEET

According to the Reuters agency, which quotes Iraqi military sources, six people lost their lives in this attack which occurred at 01:12 (local time) near Tadji. There were also three seriously injured and two of the three convoy vehicles which were destroyed.

FUNERAL

Thousands of Iraqis chant “Death to America” ​​at the funeral of Soleimani and his lieutenant in Baghdad.

CHAOS

This Friday, a “precision shot from a drone” American had plunged the whole world into uncertainty, making fear “a new war in the Gulf” that “the world can not afford,” according to the UN. What happens next with this new American raid against the pro-Teheran in Iraq?

DE-ESCALATION

The raid comes at a time when US Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said Friday that the United States wants “de-escalation” after the death of Qassem Soleimani, whom Tehran has promised to avenge.

NEW RAID

Shortly after US President Donald Trump assured not to seek war with Iran, Washington struck again in Iraq.

There were “dead and wounded” in an air strike against a convoy of Hachd al-Chaabi, a coalition of pro-Iran paramilitaries now integrated into the Iraqi state, north of Baghdad, a source within the Iraqi police, without however being able to give an exact assessment.

ANALYSIS

The head of the TF1 / LCI international service Michel Scott analyzes Donald Trump’s decision to assassinate Iranian general Qassem Soleimani and the possible repercussions on the region.

IRAN

US President Donald Trump has said he is not seeking “regime change” in Tehran after the elimination of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani, while warning against “terrorists” who attack the Americans.

Claiming to have acted to “stop” a war, not to start one, he said that Qassem Soleimani was planning “imminent” attacks on diplomats and the US military.

EU

European Foreign Minister Josep Borrell urged “all actors involved and their partners (…) to exercise maximum restraint” after the death of an Iranian general in an attack in Baghdad carried out by Washington

Calling them “responsibility at this crucial time,” Borrell said that “another crisis could endanger years of effort to stabilize Iraq.”

MIDDLE EAST

The United States has decided to deploy 3,000 to 3,500 additional soldiers to the Middle East to strengthen the security of American positions in the region after the death of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad on Friday in an American raid, AFP reported. senior Pentagon official.

The soldiers are members of a rapid reaction force of the 82nd Airborne Division, who were put on alert immediately after the attack on the US Embassy in Baghdad, the official said on condition of anonymity.

DISCORD

When the head of American diplomacy criticizes the French secretary of state for European affairs. Mike Pompeo said Friday that France was “wrong” to say that the world was “more dangerous” after the death of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani, killed in an American raid in Iraq.

The secretary of state was invited on CNN to react to the remarks of Amélie de Montchalin, who had declared on the microphone of RTL that one woke up “in a more dangerous world” because of the risks of “military escalation” in the Middle-East.

“The French are simply wrong on this point,” he replied. “The world is much safer today. And I can assure you that the Americans in the region are safer today after the death of Qassem Soleimani.”

QUAI D’ORSAY

In the wake of Emmanuel Macron’s reaction, Jean-Yves Le Drian spoke in turn. The boss of French diplomacy, via a press release, said that he had spoken by telephone with his American counterpart Mike Pompeo following the latest developments in Iraq, and in particular the actions undertaken last night.

“In the current context, France calls on everyone to show restraint and Iran to avoid any measure likely to aggravate regional instability, or lead to a serious nuclear proliferation crisis. The parties to the Vienna agreement must in particular, remain closely coordinated to call on Iran to quickly return to full compliance with its nuclear obligations and to refrain from any further contrary action, “said the Quai d’Orsay. He added that “priority must go to the continuation of the action of the International Coalition against Daesh, which intervenes in Iraq at the request of the Iraqi authorities and in support of the Iraqi security forces.”

DETAILS

Washington has released details of its strikes, saying the Pentagon has been following General Soleimani’s movements for months and could have killed him long before.

American Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said on Friday that the Iranian official was planning a “major action” threatening “hundreds of American lives”. “We know it was imminent,” he said, adding that the American decision had been made “on the basis of assessments” by the intelligence services.

Urgent

Iran promises to avenge General Soleimani’s death “at the right time and in the right place”.

FRANCE

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo says he has met with Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian.

SYRIA

The Syrian president reacted in his turn, Bashar Al-Assad assuring that the support of General Soleimani to the Syrian army “will not be forgotten”.

“The Syrian people will not forget their presence alongside the Syrian Arab army in its defense of Syria against terrorism and its supporters,” Assad said in a letter to Iranian supreme guide Ali Khamenei, according to remarks reported by the official press agency Sana.

UN

“The world cannot afford another war in the Gulf,” UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said in a statement on Friday after the assassination of Iranian General Qassem Soleimani, killed in an American raid in Baghdad.

In this very short text, Antonio Guterres also calls on “the leaders to exercise maximum restraint” in this moment of tension, while Iran has called for revenge.

Urgent

PARIS

According to the Elysee Palace, Emmanuel Macron wants to “avoid another dangerous escalation” and calls for “restraint”.

During an interview with his Russian counterpart on Friday morning, the French president also “recalled France’s attachment to the sovereignty and security of Iraq and to the stability of the region”. He called on Iran to “quickly return to full compliance with its nuclear obligations and refrain from provocation,” the presidency added in a statement.

INTERVIEW

The attack could spark fire in the region, according to researcher Adel Bakawan.

US strikes in Baghdad: “Nothing now prevents Iran from practicing the scorched earth policy in Iraq”

RUSSIA

The assassination of Iranian general Qassem Soleimani, killed in an American raid in Baghdad, risks “seriously worsening the situation” in the Middle East, Russian President Vladimir Putin warned Friday during a telephone conversation with Emmanuel Macron.

REACTION

What does the French political class think of the American strikes? The boss of the PCF Fabien Roussel qualified Friday of “pure madness” the American raid which killed the Iranian general Qassem Soleimani, the president of the RN Marine Le Pen considering that France must do everything to “relaunch the negotiations” on the Iranian nuclear . The Republicans N.3 (LR) Aurélien Pradié said he was “very worried” about “the way the United States can sometimes play with fire”.

WASHINGTON

Donald Trump said Friday that Iranian General Qassem Soleimani, killed in an American raid in Baghdad, should have been killed “years ago”.

“General Qassem Soleimani has killed or seriously injured thousands of Americans over a long period of time and planned to kill many more (…) He was directly or indirectly responsible for the deaths of millions of people”, a tweeted Mr. Trump.

“If Iran will never be able to admit it clearly, Soleimani was at the same time hated and feared in his country. They are not as sad as the leaders (Iranian, Editor’s note) try to make it believe with the rest of the world . He should have been killed years ago! “, He added.

WASHINGTON

According to US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, Soleimani was planning a “major action” threatening “hundreds of American lives”.

“He was actively engaged in actions in the region – a far-reaching action, as he said – that would have endangered dozens, if not hundreds, of American lives,” the secretary of state said on CNN . “We know it was imminent. We made our decision based on the assessments of our intelligence services.”

Urgent

QUAI D’ORSAY

The Minister of Europe and Foreign Affairs urged French nationals in several Middle East countries, particularly in Iraq, to ​​be “cautious” on Friday, “following recent events” in that country and “d ‘rising tensions in the region “.

“The context of mounting tensions in the region and recent developments require us to exercise the utmost caution when traveling to or from Iraq,” the ministry said on its website. He makes similar recommendations to French people “residing or passing through Saudi Arabia” or in Israel / occupied territories.

IRAQ

US oil workers in Iraq, OPEC’s second producer, began leaving the country on Friday, spokesman for the Iraqi oil ministry said after Washington called on nationals to leave ” at once”.

INSIGHT

“The Americans have decimated the Iranian regime’s elite no more no less. They have struck directly at the top,” said Michel Scott, a great reporter and head of the international service of TF1, after the death of General Soleimani.

ISRAEL

While congratulating Donald Trump, who he said “acted quickly, forcefully and without hesitation”, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu – who left Greece urgently in the morning – said that the United States had the “right” to “defend themselves” by killing the Iranian general Soleimani. “Qassem Soleimani is responsible for the deaths of American citizens and other innocent people and was planning new attacks,” he said.

Urgent

UNITED STATES

The United States wants “de-escalation” after the death of Qassem Soleimani, assures the head of the American diplomacy, Mike Pompeo.

The secretary of state said in three separate tweets that he met with his Chinese, British and German counterparts of “Donald Trump’s decision to eliminate Mr. Soleimani in response to imminent threats to American lives.”

Sudden surge of fever between Iran and the United States. During the night of January 2 to 3, US strikes targeted a convoy in Baghdad, Iraq, killing General Qassem Soleimani, a major figure in the Tehran regime. Here are the main things to remember:

-A targeted strike

On Donald Trump’s orders, the American raid bombed a convoy of vehicles inside Baghdad International Airport, killing at least 9 people in total, according to Iraqi security officials. Besides General Soleimani, the other great figure killed is Abou Mehdi al-Mouhandis, real operational chief of Hachd al-Chaabi and lieutenant of the general for Iraq for decades.

-A major figure of the Iranian regime

Leader of the Qods Force of the Revolutionary Guards, Qassem Soleimani was in charge of the external operations of the Islamic Republic of Iran. This 62-year-old man notably played an important role in the fight against Daesh. He is also the key man of Iranian influence in the Middle East where he has strengthened the diplomatic weight of Tehran, especially in Iraq and Syria, two countries where the United States is engaged militarily.

-What consequences?

“We are waking up in a more dangerous world. Military escalation is always dangerous,” Secretary of State for European Affairs Amélie de Montchalin said on Friday. Iranian President Hassan Rohani has promised that “Iran and other free nations in the region” will “take revenge on criminal America for this horrific murder.”

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