KONTAN.CO.ID – Symptoms of diabetes are sometimes overlooked and discovered when complications have occurred. Thus, diabetes is often called the “Silent Killer”.
In diabetes, high blood sugar acts like a poison.
Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by blood glucose levels that exceed normal values over the years.
The term blood glucose is often known by the public as blood sugar. One of the causes of diabetes is excessive consumption of sweet foods and drinks.
So, what are the symptoms of diabetes mellitus?
9 Symptoms of diabetes to watch out for
The following symptoms of diabetes to watch out for are summarized from the official website of the Ministry of Health:
1. The frequency of urination increases
When the body’s cells cannot absorb glucose, the kidneys try to excrete as much glucose as possible. As a result, sufferers urinate more often than normal people and pass more than 5 liters of urine a day.
Even at night, sufferers also wake up several times to urinate. That’s a sign the kidneys are trying to get rid of all the extra glucose in the blood.
2. Often feel thirsty
Diabetics also feel thirsty which is a sign that the body needs a lot of fluids with the loss of water from the body due to frequent urination. Frequent urination and excessive thirst are some of the ways the body tries to manage high blood sugar.
3. Weight loss
Blood sugar levels that are too high can also cause rapid weight loss.
This is because the insulin hormone does not get glucose for the cells, which is used for energy. So that the body breaks down protein from muscles as an alternative source of fuel.
4. Skin problems appear
Itchy skin, dark skin around the neck or armpits are also signs of diabetes.
5. Healing is slow
Other symptoms of diabetes include infections, cuts and bruises that don’t heal quickly. This usually occurs because the blood vessels are damaged due to excessive glucose in the blood vessels and arteries.
Diabetes reduces the efficiency of endothelial progenitor cells, or EPCs, which travel to the injury site and help blood vessels heal the wound.
6. Yeast infection
Diabetes also gives rise to a state of immunosuppression in which a condition of increased susceptibility to various infections the most common is candida. This is because fungi and bacteria thrive in an environment that is rich in sugar.
7. Genital irritation
The high glucose content in the urine makes the genital area look like thrush and as a result causes swelling and itching.
8. Blurred vision
Blurred vision or or occasional glare of light is a direct result of high blood sugar levels.
The blood vessels in the retina become weak after years of hyperglycemia and micro-aneurysms, which release fatty proteins called exudates. If allowed to do so, it can lead to blindness.
9. Tingling or numbness
Tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, along with a burning pain or swelling, are signs that the nerves are being damaged by diabetes.
If blood sugar levels are allowed to run rampant for too long, nerve damage can become permanent. If, you experience some of the symptoms of diabetes as above, you must be vigilant and try to contact your doctor for further tests.