KOMPAS.com – Endometriosis is a condition in which the body produces tissue that lines the lining of the uterus (endometrium) outside the reproductive organs. In this condition, the endometrium can grow in the intestines, urinary tract, or organs around the chest.
For information, the endometrium is the place where the fertilized egg attaches. If the egg is not fertilized, the endometrium leaks into the menstrual blood.
Because it is affected by fertilization and hormones, endometriosis often has symptoms such as pain before menstruation.
Mayapada Hospital Tangerang obstetrics and gynecology specialist Dr. Pojianto said the pain was often felt in the abdomen, pelvis and lower back.
“This tissue is sensitive to hormones and can become inflamed during the menstrual cycle. The main symptom is pain or tenderness around the reproductive area, ”said Dr. Pojianto in a written statement received by Kompas.com on Saturday (9/24/2022).
In some cases, Doctor of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Mayapada Hospital in southern Jakarta, Dr. Setyo Hermanto, added that the symptoms of endometriosis are also often characterized by severe menstrual pain and aches during sexual intercourse.
Similar complaints are also felt during defecation. Not infrequently, endometriosis sufferers experience other ailments such as back pain, bleeding or spotting (Fig.sighting) between menstrual cycles.
“Occasionally, a female patient may have endometriosis without symptoms,” he continued.
“This disease, 60 to 80 percent, is the cause of difficulty getting pregnant in women, so it needs proper treatment,” said Dr. Setyo.
In the event of symptoms of endometriosis, the subspecialty of obstetrics and gynecology of fertility and reproductive hormone of the Mayapada hospital in Kuningan, Dr. Caroline Tirtajasa, advised to consult a health facility immediately.
This must be done considering that endometriosis can interfere with the patient’s quality of life, from causing prolonged pain to interrupting the menstrual cycle.
“You need to know that endometriosis can be experienced by women from adolescence to menopause. So, it is very important immediately verify go to the doctor when you feel the symptoms, “he said.
To overcome endometriosis, Dr. Caroline continued, doctors usually do an obstetric examination and ultrasound (USG). transvaginal. If the patient has been diagnosed with endometriosis, treatment can be done through the administration of hormonal drugs or surgery.
“For patients who are afraid of surgery, treatment can be done using laparoscopic techniques,” he said.
For information, laparoscopy is a surgical procedure with the aid of a thin telescopic rod containing a camera at the end. Laparoscopic surgery requires only small incisions to visualize the abdominal and pelvic cavities, so there are no internal injuries.
“Laparoscopic surgery only requires a small incision which is usually 0.5 centimeters (cm) -1 cm in size. The benefit is that patients experience less pain after surgery, recover faster and can also return to normal activities more quickly, ”said Dr Caroline.
Mayapada Hospital Ostetrics and Gynecology Center offers comprehensive services for women of all ages. Starting with reproductive health, high-risk pregnancy, childbirth, hormonal and fertility disorders, tumors and uterine cancer, surgical options, up to the treatment of menopause.