Consult a doctor immediately, OK!
stomach pain illustration (pexels.com/Andrea Piacquadio)
Reproductive health is an important aspect that women must take good care of. However, this topic is still considered taboo, so it is not uncommon for reproductive system problems to develop into chronic disorders because they go unnoticed.
Moreover, some female reproductive symptoms may seem trivial even though they can actually be signs of serious problems. Therefore, it is important to listen to our bodies and understand the following series of symptoms of reproductive problems in women that should not be ignored.
1. Painful menstrual pain
illustration of a person feeling severe pain in the lower abdomen (pexels.com/Sora Shimazaki)
Not a few women feel pain in the form of excruciating cramps in their stomach area during menstruation. Reported National Health Services, this is actually a normal thing. During menstruation, the muscles of the uterine wall will contract to help the process of shedding blood.
The hormone prostaglandin is the main trigger. Page Mayo Clinic explained that the level of this hormone is known to be associated with painful menstrual cramps. In other words, the higher the prostaglandin, the more severe the menstrual pain is likely to be.
Usually, prostaglandin levels are very high at the beginning of the menstrual cycle so it is not surprising if you experience severe pain on the first day. However, you should no longer feel pain in the following days.
Jaime Seeman, MD, a board-certified obstetrician in the United States via Livestrong even referred to it as red flag in menstruation. Dr. Jaime explained that this could be a sign of endometriosis, a condition where the endometrium grows outside the uterine wall.
It can also be a sign of uterine fibroids or the growth of masses of non-cancerous cells outside or inside the uterus, adenomyosis or thickening of the uterus, or even digestive disorders such as Crohn’s disease, an inflammation of the digestive tract that causes pain and stomach cramps.
2. Menstrual blood comes out a lot
menstruation illustration (pexels.com/Cliff Booth)
Not infrequently, some women complain that their menstrual blood comes out quite a lot. Unfortunately, it is difficult to describe abnormal menstrual bleeding. However, this can be defined as full blood vessels every one to two hours, as explained by Dr. Jaime.
“Products such as sanitary napkins are designed to hold menstrual blood for at least four hours for most women.” Said Dr. Jaime through an interview session with Livestrong.
On the other hand, menstrual cup Normally it can last for more than twelve hours. However, if the pad is full even within one to two hours, this could be a sign of a serious disorder, such as adenomyosis, uterine polyps, or endometriosis.
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Explained The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologistif the blood is still coming out a lot for more than a week or you wake up just to change the sanitary napkin while sleeping, you are advised to have it checked immediately.
3. Chronic pelvic pain
illustration of a woman experiencing menstrual pain (pexels.com/Polina Zimmerman)
Apart from stomach cramps, some women also experience pelvic pain, both before and during menstruation. Generally, this pain appears during ovulation, which is the process of releasing mature eggs from the ovaries or ovaries into the fallopian tubes.
However, persistent and chronic pelvic pain is not uncommon. This can indicate endometriosis, pelvic infections, or even ovarian cysts, as explained by Khara Michelle Simpson, MD, obstetrician at Johns Hopkins Medicine via the page Hopkins Medicine. Therefore, you are advised to check it to get the right diagnosis and treatment.
4. Pain during intercourse
illustration of pain in the vagina during intercourse (unsplash.com/Wren Meinberg)
Normally, having sex does not cause pain. But if you feel it, this could indicate a serious problem. Dyspareunia, or a condition where a person feels pain during sexual penetration, can be caused by various factors.
Reported Cleveland Clinic, vaginal atrophy or muscle wasting in the vagina, vaginal infections, endometriosis, fibroids, and problems with the pelvic bones can be a source of pain. Apart from that, this pain can also arise due to psychological disorders, such as anxiety, depression and past trauma.
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