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Illustrious people who passed through Cambrai (4): François 1er joined his mother there

For this summer series, with the help of Clotilde Herbert from Labo-Cambrai and Mikaël Bougenières from the municipal archives, and thanks to Paul Dégremont’s book entitled “Famous visits to Cambrai”, we offer you “famous people passing through in Cambria. »

Short biography

François 1er, the winner of Marignan in 1515 and one of the authors of the treaty of perpetual peace signed with Switzerland in Friborg on November 29, 1516, was the son of Charles d’Angoulême and Louise de Savoie. François succeeded his father in 1515 but faced with the power of Charles V, and the threat of the encirclement of the kingdom by the possessions of his rival, the king of France engaged in hostilities against the emperor. In addition, François 1er was one of the builders of the modern State in France where he reorganized finances and reformed justice by the ordinance of Villers-Cotterêts (1539) which imposed in particular the drafting, in French, of judicial acts .

The context: the war of 1521 to 1529

According to Pierre Gourdin in Nº 73 of Cambrésis terre d’histoire, “
the conflict between the kings of France and the House of Austria had been going on for a long time, only interrupted by ceaseless truces and peace treaties.
” Of course, ” Cambresis did not escape these successive waves of war. But very fortunately, the efforts of Louise of Savoy and Marguerite of Austria, aunt of Charles-Quint, changed the destiny of many populations. »

Louise of Savoy, a wise and prudent woman

Louise of Savoy was, according to the aforementioned author, ” the real head of government. “It was said of her that she” was a good, prudent and wise lady. »

Photo 11 To Louise of Savoy (Cambrai Lab)

This is probably why “
François 1er gave power to his mother, on June 2, 1529 so that she could meet Marguerite of Austria, to negotiate a treaty, on neutral ground, therefore in Cambrai.
»

The arrival of the two ladies

Margaret of Austria, governess of the Netherlands, arrived in Cambrai on July 5, 1529 around 4 p.m. She was taken to her accommodation in the abbey of Saint-Aubert (on the site of the current Saint-Géry church). As for Louise de Savoie, she made her entrance the same day but around 7 p.m. The Queen Mother went to the Hotel de Saint-Pol, residence in Cambrai of Marie de Luxembourg.

long talks

The conferences held from July 8 to 31 did not make progress at first. But the two ladies ended up talking better.

Photo 12 la Paix des Dames (Cambrai tourist office)Photo 12 la Paix des Dames (Cambrai tourist office)

The closing ceremony took place on Thursday, August 5, 1529 in Notre-Dame Cathedral. The mass, which began at noon, was celebrated by Robert de Croy, bishop of Cambrai. Finally, the participants all together, judged on the Holy Scriptures and before the true cross of Jesus Christ, to maintain inviolably the treaty of peace. »

Photo 14 The Treaty of Cambrai in 1529 (National Archives)Photo 14 The Treaty of Cambrai in 1529 (National Archives)

François 1er in Cambrai

Louise of Savoy knew that her son was in Saint-Quentin where he learned the amount of the ransom demanded by Charles V for the release of his children. François 1er then requested a loan from Henry VIII, King of England. Then, he left Saint-Quentin on August 5 to join his mother. The same day (or the 9th according to other sources), he arrived at Cambrai.

Photo 17 Arrival of François 1er in Cambrai (Le Labo - Cambrai, representation byPhoto 17 Arrival of François 1er in Cambrai (Le Labo - Cambrai, representation by

François 1st settled in the episcopal palace. He then went to greet Margaret of Austria. Then he did the same with his mother.

The next day, the king returned to see his mother, around 4 p.m., at the Saint-Pol residence. Then, the monarch returned to the episcopal palace where a banquet was held.

“Do not humiliate your enemies”

On Friday August 13, Margaret of Austria left for Brussels via Bouchain and Valenciennes. Finally, under the insistence of Margaret of Austria and the immediate payment of a ransom of 1,200,000 gold crowns, the children were returned to their parents on July 1, 1530. Note that Margaret of Austria would have advised her nephew ” not to humiliate his enemies… Peace had returned. But, alas, in October 1535, François 1er asserted his rights over the Milanese… In vain. And the war resumed in 1536 and 1543.

End of the Italian Wars

To conclude on this subject, it should be noted that it was not until April 4, 1559 that the Italian wars (1494-1559) came to an end, with the signing of the Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis by which “
France then renounced any policy of interference in the peninsula. This agreement put an end to long, sterile and ruinous wars.
»

The previous parts

https ://www.lavoixdunord.fr/1211655/article/2022-07-31/les-personnes-illustres-passees-par-cambrai-131-saint-bernard-fondateur-de-l

https ://www.lavoixdunord.fr/1212217/article/2022-08-01/les-personnes-illustres-passees-par-cambrai-131-jeanne-d-arc-y-t-elle-ete

https://www.lavoixdunord.fr/1212323/article/2022-08-02/les-personnes-ill…

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