The Hubble Space Telescope has captured a pair of “conflicting” galaxies in action, according to the European Space Agency.
The pair of objects is known as Arp 86 and includes two galaxy It is about 220 million light years from Earth in the constellation Pegasus. It is known individually as NGC 7753 and its much smaller companion NGC 7752.
“The small companion galaxy appears to be closely related to NGC 7753, and it is this property that has earned it the designation ‘Arp 86’ – implying that the pair of galaxies appeared in the atlas of strange galaxies compiled by astronomer Halton Arp in 1966.” European Space Agency officials wrote in a statement About the new search.
“The gravitational dance between the two galaxies will eventually cause NGC 7752 to be flung into intergalactic space or completely swallowed up by its much larger neighbour,” he added.
NS Hubble Space Telescope The observations aim to explain how the cold gas in the region contributes to the formation of the young stars observed in the image. The observatory examined star clusters, gas clouds and dust clouds in several nearby environments, including other galaxies beyond Arp 86, the European Space Agency said.
Space telescope work combined with measurements from Atacama Large Millimeter/Meter Matrix (ALMA), a series of telescopes in the Chilean Andes optimized for seeing through galactic dust in modern systems. Between ALMA and Hubble, the research team sought more information about how stars form.
This research will also assist future work with James Webb Space Telescope, which is scheduled to launch in late 2021 to explore the origins of the universe. The European Space Agency reports that one of Webb’s research projects is looking at dusty galaxies (such as Arp 86) to learn more about stellar evolution.