How Can High Cholesterol Cause Liver Disease? page all

KOMPAS.com – Cholesterol is a fat molecule that can be found in some foods and is made in the liver.

In general, cholesterol can be divided into two types, namely: high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).

HDL serves to carry cholesterol from the cells in the body to the liver.

Also read: 8 Signs of High Cholesterol that Often Unknowingly

The liver then breaks it down or removes it from the body as a waste product. This function is useful for the body.

Therefore, HDL is often also referred to as “good cholesterol”.

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How Can High Cholesterol Cause Liver Disease?

Understand how high cholesterol can cause liver disease as part of efforts to control cholesterol levels in the body.

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While LDL serves to carry cholesterol from the liver to the cells.

Cells actually use cholesterol, but if they get too much of it, it can build up in the arteries.

This buildup in the arteries is known to cause health problems, so doctors sometimes refer to LDL as “bad cholesterol.”

Experts measure cholesterol levels in the body in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) of blood.

In general, normal or healthy cholesterol levels are recommended for people, namely:

  • LDL should be less than 100 mg/dL
  • HDL should be 40 mg/dL or higher

Also read: What Is Normal Cholesterol In The Blood?

When you have higher-than-normal LDL levels, a person can often be called “high cholesterol.”

This condition can increase the risk of developing several health problems.

Launch Medical News Today, cholesterol can accumulate in the arteries which are the main blood vessels in the body.

As a result, blood vessels can become narrower, limiting the supply of blood and oxygen to the organs.

Narrowing of blood vessels can also increase the risk of blood clots.

If blood flow to the heart is restricted, this condition can increase the risk of coronary heart disease. These include angina, heart attack, and heart failure.

Meanwhile, if blood flow to the brain is restricted, this can increase the risk of stroke.

Also read: What Are Normal Cholesterol Levels in Adults and Children?

How high cholesterol can cause liver disease?

Eating too much cholesterol is not only bad for the health of the heart and blood vessels, but also the liver.

It may even be worse for your heart.

Reported from WebMD, Cholesterol from food ends up mostly in the liver.

A high-cholesterol diet can cause fat to build up around your liver.

This scenario can cause disease fatty liver non-alcoholic or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

High cholesterol It can also turn fatty liver disease (steatosis) into a more serious and sometimes fatal condition known as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).

Unfortunately, when illness fatty liver has changed to NASH, it can lead to other liver diseases including:

  • Inflammation of the liver
  • Scar tissue (cirrhosis)
  • heart failure
  • Heart cancer

Also read: 6 Symptoms of Early Stage Liver Cancer to Watch Out for

Changes in lipids including cholesterol may also play a role in other chronic liver disease, including:

  • Alcoholic liver disease
  • Hepatitis C
  • Hepatitis B
  • Cholestatic liver disease
  • Liver cirrhosis

On the other hand, liver disease can cause high cholesterol

There are many types of liver disease that can affect people.

Hepatitis, alcohol-related liver disease, and NAFLD are some of the most commonly reported liver diseases.

Also read: 10 Ways to Treat Fatty Liver Disease Naturally

Reported from Health Line, Liver disease itself can cause damage to the liver which means it can’t work properly.

In fact, one of the functions of the liver is to break down cholesterol.

If the liver does not work properly, it can also cause cholesterol to build up in the body.

How to diagnose high cholesterol

Usually, high cholesterol does not cause any symptoms.

However, a simple blood test can accurately measure cholesterol levels.

A doctor may recommend a cholesterol test if a person has a family history of heart disease, a medical condition such as diabetes, or if you are overweight.

Meanwhile, liver biopsy or liver function tests are usually used to diagnose liver disease.

A biopsy will remove a small piece of liver tissue to test for disease.

Liver function tests are blood tests that can measure proteins and enzymes in the blood.

The levels of these proteins and enzymes can indicate if the liver is damaged.

Also read: 8 Cholesterol Lowering Foods to Prevent Coronary Heart Disease

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