ALLERGY it can be very annoying. From itching that interferes with activities to allergic scars that ruin their appearance. Globally, 30-40% of the world’s population suffers from allergies. Only in the United States, allergies can force workers to be absent from their operations. This can reduce productivity by 25-30%. In Indonesia, although there are no adequate data, the prevalence of allergies ranges from 20 to 64 percent.
There are various types of common allergic conditions, one of which is hives. In medical parlance, urticaria is often known as urticaria. In Indonesia, urticaria or urticaria are very common, there are acute and chronic urticaria. Urticaria is a skin disease characterized by bumps, redness and itching. Hives can appear on any area of the skin, such as the neck, face, ears, all over the body.
In general, acute urticaria lasts less than six weeks and often has a known cause. Meanwhile, chronic hives last more than six weeks. As many as 70 percent of people with chronic hives do not know the cause of hives. Chronic hives are divided into two, namely chronic continuous hives and chronic recurrent hives. In persistent chronic hives, symptoms can occur every day or most days of the week. However, in chronic recurrent hives, symptoms alternate at intervals of a few days to several weeks. “Allergies should never be taken lightly, don’t let allergies become chronic,” said an internal medicine specialist consultant in clinical allergy immunology, Prof. Iris Rengganis, SsPD, K-AI at one event. online held by Bayer Indonesia, Thursday (6/10).
Hives can occur, of course, for a reason. Allergens are one of the causes of hives. Seafood, such as shrimp, tuna, eggs, nuts, and exposure to rice dust during the harvest season are common allergens that cause hives. Meanwhile, in other conditions, hives can occur not due to allergens. This condition can occur due to cold air, sunlight, and pressure on the skin.
“Avoid allergens. If you know you are allergic, then don’t eat, “said Iris. If you have hives, there are several things you should do so that it doesn’t get worse, namely: – Avoid the triggers for hives – First-line treatment with second-generation antihistamines – In chronic hives, long-term drug use is evaluated for 3-6 months.
Several antihistamines can help relieve urticaria from the most effective to the least effective, namely cetirizine 10 mg, terfenadine 120 mg, terfenadine 60 mg, loratadine 10 mg, astemizole 10 mg, chlorpheniramine 4 mg and placebo. Of the numerous antihistamines, one of them is no longer sold in Indonesia, such as astemizole.(yos)