Accompanied by the Azerbaijani police, the rapporteur drove through the Fuzuli region, which is located east of Nagorno-Karabakh. According to Černohorský, traces of war can be seen at every step.
The villages and towns conquered by Armenian troops more than a quarter of a century ago and turned into a buffer zone between Nagorno-Karabakh and the interior of Azerbaijan have become villages and ghost towns.
For example, in Agdam, the largest city in the district of the same name, there used to be up to 40,000 people, now nicknamed Hiroshima Caucasus. A large part of the city was destroyed by the war, what was left undamaged, the Armenians took away. Among other things, they used the material to expand the nearby largest city of Nagorno-Karabakh – Stepanakert.
The Azerbaijanis are returning to where they had to flee
The only building in Agdam that has a roof left after the fighting is the local mosque. It was used as a barn for cattle and pigs, which Azerbaijani Muslims criticized.
People who once had to flee to visit the ruins of Agdam as part of travel organized by the authorities. According to Černohorský, those born in the city would like to return, but Agdam lacks the infrastructure and security is also a problem. Areas previously controlled by Armenians are mined.
“As many as 40 percent of the region is mined. To this is added unexploded ordnance. We estimate that 80 to 85 percent of the liberated territory is dangerous, “said Idris Ismailov, commander of mine and unexploded ordnance disposal operations.
If the current ceasefire lasts, it is estimated that it will take up to fifteen years to clean up the entire region of the region from ammunition, says Ismailov.