Henri Barboux (Born September 24, 1834 in Châteauroux, † April 25, 1910 in Paris) was a French lawyer and member of the Académie française.
Henri Martin Barboux, whose father had a legal profession (Avoué), attended high school in Orléans. When the career choice was due in 1852, he renounced the École polytechnique and the associated civil service career because the Second Empire had interned his father for months and he Napoléon III. didn’t want to serve. He studied law, became a lawyer in 1859 and a bâtonnier (chairman of the bar association) in Paris in 1880. His eloquence as a prominent star lawyer for Sarah Bernhardt, Ferdinand de Lesseps (in the Panama scandal) and others earned him seat No. 28 of the Académie française in 1907.
He died in 1910 at the age of 76 and was buried on the Cimetière Montparnasse. In Paris and Châteauroux streets are named after him.
- (Ed.) Case Law of the Prize Council during the War of 1870–71. H. Sotheran, J. Baer et Cie, Paris 1871.
- Speeches and advocacy. 2 Bde. A. Rousseau, Paris 1894.
- Gilles Le Béguec: “Le Bâtonnier Barboux (1834–1910)”. In: Bar, Politics and Culture in the Belle Époque. PULIM, Limoges 1997, pp. 5–27.
- Yves Ozanam (Hrsg.): The great pleadings. Archives and documents for history, from the Calas affair to the Pétain trial. La Martinière, Paris 2011.