For almost 50 years, American women have had the right to self-determined abortion. A majority in the US Supreme Court has now removed this right at the national level.
Now the US states themselves will decide whether it is allowed to have an abortion.
Former President Donald Trump says it was right for the Supreme Court to remove the right to abortion.
– God made the decision, he tells Fox News.
– It sends everything back to the states, where it has always belonged, he adds.
– That they are now turning course is quite historic, says US expert Sofie Høgestøl.
She says that the verdict was as expected – since one draft from the Supreme Court was leaked in early May.
There was the following revelation: The majority of the Supreme Court judges would go in to ban the right to self-determined abortion.
It sends shock waves through the United States.
During Trump’s presidency, he was allowed to elect three Supreme Court justices to the United States Supreme Court. This has led to the majority in the court now being conservative, and elected by Republican presidents.
– I think it shows how important it was for Trump to bring in these conservative judges. Now they are really changing the course of American Supreme Court, Høgestøl points out.
She is a lawyer and associate professor of law at the University of Oslo.
– If they turn the course in the abortion issue and in the weapons issue: What other questions are on the block next? What else will be re-evaluated? she asks.
According to Insider Judges in the US Supreme Court, Clarence Thomas, on Friday argued that the court should now “reconsider” decisions on contraception and same-sex marriage.
– Will show the polarization
– For me, this verdict is not unexpected or shocking, but it marks a milestone for the American Supreme Court, says Høgestøl.
The abortion issue is very inflamed. The verdict provokes strong reactions.
Høgestøl believes the verdict is helping to increase the distance between the extremes in the abortion debate.
– The consequence of the verdict is that it shows the polarization. The states are divided on the issue. It already has our divisions, but it is only more visible now, she states.
– 150 years back in time
Six Supreme Court justices voted for the verdict to be set aside, while three wanted to keep it.
President Joe Biden, who is an advocate for abortion rights, is disappointed.
– It is a sad day for the court and for the country, he says.
Biden thinks the decision put the United States 150 years back in time.
Former President Barack Obama describes the decision as an attack on an essential freedom of millions of Americans.
The Republican leader in the Senate, Mitch McConnell, however, says that the decision is “brave” and “correct”.
Several states introduce bans
In half of the states, abortion bans can become a reality. 26 states have signaled that they will tighten or ban abortion, according to The Guardian.
– In a conservative state, such as Texas, this has been a struggle to regain power over the abortion issue from the US Supreme Court, says Høgestøl.
She says many of the so-called conservative states have been waiting for the verdict.
– There has been a long struggle, where the Supreme Court says that all states must offer abortion services, and then there are some states that do not wish to do so.
Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez from the Democrats, who for several years has had a clear voice when it comes to women’s rights and abortion, writes on Twitter that the decision will make abortion more dangerous, especially for poor and marginalized groups.
– People will die because of this decision. And we will never stop until the abortion rights are up in the United States.