For Beijing, the agreement is "winning" by Vatican

According to the "Global Times", an organ of the Chinese Communist Party in English, the agreement between Beijing and the Vatican on the appointment of bishops, will unify the Catholic Church of China and will benefit the Catholic Church of the world. A very political view without any nuances

In view of Beijing, the agreement announced with the Vatican on the appointment of Chinese bishops is a winner of the Catholic Church of China and a winner for the development of Catholicism in the world. This was described in an article published in the Global Times, an English-language newspaper of the Chinese Communist Party for the international community, on September 19, 2018, under the signature of a certain Yu Ning. substantial improvement of relations between China and the Vatican, "this agreement is especially beneficial for Rome and for the Church, but nothing is said about a possible positive dimension for China. In other words, Beijing made all possible concessions to meet the demands The Vatican did not maintain diplomatic relations "as the Holy See recognizes Taiwan:" Yu Ning describes the Catholic Church in China as a "court between the Association Patriotic of Catholics of China, where bishops are appointed by the Chinese government and an underground community whose bishops are appointed by the pope but considered illegal by the Chinese government. "In this context, the author adds, the conclusion of the agreement will help unify the two communities. For all this, the reality in the Chinese soil of the Catholic Church and the faithful has evolved since the opening of China, 1978, which We talked about Catholic "two Churches" in China, in fact quite different: one, official, totally related to the regime, and another clandestine or underground, faithful to the pope. Read: The Chinese press Announces the Vatican-China agreement. This binary pattern came from the tragic and bloody history of this Church and its faithful during the Maoist era when many should deny their faith, conceal it or compromise with their conscience. Little by little, however, the face of the Catholic Church in China has changed. Faithfully, according to the whims of politics and Chinese leaders in power, the concessions were not said, they were made between China and the Vatican. Thus, we come to speak clearly "a Catholic church, but divided." For the majority of the consecrated bishops were the tacit agreement of Rome and Beijing, with the exception of seven. Therefore, we can speak of an official Church and the official bishops, but in communion with Rome, since they were recognized A mosaic of parishes and dioceses in China. As far as the underground Church is concerned, there have been decades of rapprochement between clandestine communities and officers, often organized by "official" priests in their buildings. On the ground, the Church's reality is diverse, depending on the history and character of the bishop in charge. Some dioceses are known as "communists" and other "open" ones. In the hierarchy, however, above the bishops, the non-Catholic officers of the Patriotic Association of Chinese Catholics often cling to their local power dominate. Here again in some dioceses, the bishop is part of it and the relationships are cordial and dynamic. Above this stratum is the Office of Religious Affairs that applies the policies decided in Beijing and controlled by the United Front. Read: Taiwan is worried about an agreement between the Vatican and China. They are these intermediate structures that represent a problem and cause some observers to fear the dangers of such an agreement between Rome and Beijing. In the article "Global Times", an article by a US professor is cited. He rightly warns the policy of "synergy" of religions in China. Yu Ning, emphasizes that Pope Francis, Jesuit and descendant of the great Jesuit epic in China from Matteo Ricci in the seventeenth century, agrees with the "idea of ​​a Chinese Catholicism rooted in the oldest civilization in the world." The Jesuits were avant-garde in the field of the acculturation of the Catholic religion abroad and especially in China. But when we speak of the "signaling" of the Catholic Church in China, the most fervent critique of this Think in all this archaic political structure that dates back to the worst years of the Maoist communism of the 1950s and still manages and dominates the life of the Church and its faithful To read: In China the Christian symbols are replaced by portraits of Xi Jinping and Yu Ning cited passages in an interview that Pope Francis gave, on January 22, 2017, to the Spanish newspaper "O Pais"; In this, the pope said: "In China the churches are full, you can practice religion in China." In fact this freedom is well inscribed in the Chinese Constitution. But the general crackdown on religions in recent years, since Xi Jinping came to power in 2012, often proves the opposite. For Beijing, whose vision is expressed in the "Global Times", those who criticize religious freedom in China to prevent the improvement of relations between China and the Vatican do not worry about the development of the Catholic Church. Of course, the Holy See will not be influenced by them. "

Dorian Malovic

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