(CNN) — Here’s a look at the history of Charles Manson and the 1969 “Manson Family” murders.
- Date of birth: November 12, 1934
- Date of death: November 19, 2017
- Place of birth: Cincinnati, Ohio
- Birth name: Charles Milles Maddox
- Father: Father’s name is not publicly available
- Madre: Kathleen Maddox
- Marriages: Rosalie Jean (Willis) Manson (1955-divorce date unknown); He was also married to a woman named Leona in the early 1960s, whose last name is not publicly known.
- Children: At least two: with Rosalie Jean (Willis) Manson: Charles M. Manson Jr. (1956-1993); with a woman whose name is not publicly available: Charles Luther Manson.
During his childhood, Manson’s mother reportedly sold him for a mug of beer to a woman who wanted children. His uncle had to find the woman in order to get his nephew back.
He later took the surname of his stepfather William Manson.
According to the California Board of Parole, Manson had a history of manipulative, controlling behavior, and mental illness that included schizophrenia and paranoid delusional behavior.
1947 – At age 12, Manson is sent to the Gibault School for Boys in Terre Haute, Indiana, for stealing. Over the next twenty years, he will be in and out of reformatories and prison for various crimes.
March 21, 1967 – Manson gets out of prison. He tells prison officials that he doesn’t want to be released, “Oh no, I can’t go out there … I knew I couldn’t adapt to that world, not after spending my entire life locked up and where my mind I was free. ” After his release, he moves to San Francisco.
1967-1968 – Manson meets Gary Hinman, a music teacher who introduces him to Dennis Wilson of the Beach Boys.
– Manson attracts a group of followers. The group moves to the Spahn Ranch, outside of Chatsworth, California.
– Wilson introduces Manson to record producer Terry Melcher, son of actress Doris Day. After initially showing interest in Manson’s music, Melcher refuses to continue working with him.
– Melcher then moves out of his house on Cielo Drive, and the house is then rented out to film director Roman Polanski and his wife, actress Sharon Tate.
July 1969 – Hinman is killed by Manson’s follower Bobby Beausoleil, accompanied by Manson family members Mary Brunner and Susan Atkins. The murder is committed at Manson’s behest.
August 8 to 9, 1969 – On Manson’s orders, a small group of his followers brutally murders five people at the home in Polanski’s Benedict Canyon, near Hollywood. The victims are Polanski’s pregnant wife, actress Tate, writer Wojciech Frykowski, café heiress Abigail Folger and famous hairstylist Jay Sebring. Also died Steven Parent, who was a friend of the family gardener. The murders are committed by Atkins supporters Tex Watson and Patricia Krenwinkel. Linda Kasabian accompanies them as a lookout.
August 9-10, 1969 – Manson, disgusted by the neglect of the previous night’s murders, accompanies a group of supporters in the search for victims. In the car are: Watson, Atkins, Krenwinkel, Kasabian, Leslie van Houten and Steve “Clem” Grogan. After several hours, the group arrives at the home of supermarket executive Leno LaBianca and his wife, Rosemary. The couple are brutally murdered by Watson, Atkins, Krenwinkel, and Van Houten.
October 1969 – Manson and his followers are arrested in another remote location, called Barker Ranch, on suspicion of carjacking.
November 6, 1969 – Atkins, a member of the Manson family, already charged with Hinman’s murder, tells inmate Virginia Castro that she killed Tate: “Because we wanted to commit a crime that would shock the world, that the world would have to stand up and pay attention. “.
November 12, 1969 – Los Angeles Sheriff detectives interview Al Springer, a member of a motorcycle gang who had an association with Manson. Springer tells them that Manson told him about killing people days after the Tate murders.
November 18, 1969 – The case is assigned to Assistant District Attorney Vincent T. Bugliosi.
November 30, 1969 – Watson is apprehended in Texas.
December 8, 1969 – Manson, Watson, Atkins, Krenwinkel and Kasabian are charged in the murders of Tate and his friends. The grand jury also indicts all five, plus Van Houten, for the LaBianca murders.
June 16, 1970 – The trial begins for Manson, Atkins, Krenwinkel and Van Houten.
– Manson appears in court with an “X” engraved on his forehead.
– He defends himself in court with the help of attorney Irving Kanarek.
August 1970 – Kasabian receives immunity in exchange for his testimony against Manson and the others.
January 15, 1971 – The jury’s deliberations begin. On January 25, the jury finds all the defendants guilty.
March 29, 1971 – Manson, Krenwinkel, Atkins and Van Houten are sentenced to the death penalty.
1971 – Watson is found guilty of the murder of seven people and sentenced to death.
1972 – The death penalty was abolished in California. Sentences for all members of the Manson family are commuted to life in prison.
April 11, 2012 – Manson is denied parole for the twelfth time. According to the California Parole Board, he racked up 108 serious disciplinary violations in prison since 1971 and has shown no remorse for the killings. Manson’s next parole hearing is scheduled for 2027, when he would turn 92.
June 6, 2015 – Bugliosi, Manson’s prosecutor and author of the best-selling book, “Helter Skelter: The True Story of the Manson Murders,” dies in California.
November 19, 2017 – Two days after being rushed to the hospital, 83-year-old Manson dies of natural causes.
March 13, 2018 – After a four-month fight over Manson’s remains, a Kern County judge rules in favor of Jason Freeman, who claims he is Manson’s grandson.
The “Manson Family”
Susan “Sadie” Denise Atkins
September 24, 2009 – Dies in prison.
1969 – Convicted of the murder of Gary Hinman. He is serving a life sentence.
January 3, 2019 – Beausoleil is recommended for parole at his 19th general hearing, says a spokesman for the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation.
April 26, 2019 – California Governor Gavin Newsom denies parole for Beausoleil.
April 21, 1972 – Convicted of the murders of Hinman and stuntman Donald “Shorty” Shea. He is serving a life sentence.
June 22, 2019 – The Board grants him parole, which will be followed by the governor’s final determination on his release.
November 15, 2019 – Governor Newsom blocks Davis’ parole. This is the sixth time a California governor has blocked his parole.
Lynette “Squeaky” Fromme
1975 – Attempts to shoot President Gerald Ford.
August 14, 2009 – Released on parole after serving 34 years.
Steven “Clem” Grogan
1985 – Grogan is paroled after revealing the location of the body of ranch laborer Donald “Shorty” Shea, killed in 1969.
Patricia “Katie” Krenwinkel
June 22, 2017 – Krenwinkel is denied parole for the fourteenth time. It will be eligible again for consideration in five years.
Leslie Van Houten
November 9, 2021 – The California Board of Parole Hearings recommends Van Houten’s release for the fifth time in as many years.
Charles D. “Tex” Watson
October 15, 2021 – For the eighteenth time, Watson is denied parole. You will be eligible for a reconsideration in five years.