As the unemployment rate in Morocco reaches a dangerous peak, in a context of general crisis due to the spread of the new coronavirus, the agency Millennium Challenge Account-Morocco (MCA-Morocco) is launching the “Lab Emploi” initiative, in the objective of supporting the evaluation of employment policies and the labor market in Morocco.
The “Lab Emploi” project is part of the “Employment” activity of the “Education and training for employability” project, under the “Compact II” cooperation program, concluded between Morocco and the United States. in 2015. Its goal: to strengthen the Kingdom’s efforts in terms of evaluating and using the most reliable scientific evidence and data for the development and implementation of employment and labor market policies “Evidence Based Policy ”. According to a press release from the aAgence, released on Monday August 10, the objective of “Lab Emploi” is to improve the effectiveness and impact of this evidence and data and to meet the challenges of the labor market in terms of creation. and job retention. A challenge that comes at the right time given the latest worrying figures from the High Commission for Planning (HCP), showing a loss of 589,000 jobs between the second quarter of 2019 and the same period of 2020.
Three areas of intervention
To carry out this mission, MCA-Morocco will therefore call on the networks of researchers Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) and EPoD, two organizations that will collaborate to define the various axes of intervention of this initiative. As a first step, evaluation studies, covering themes relating to employment policies and programs and the labor market, will be carried out in collaboration with Moroccan partners. This will promote knowledge transfer, sharing and learning by national institutions, the statement said. Then, the second axis will consist in building the capacities of institutional partners, national experts and professionals in the production and use of evidence in the process of drawing up and implementing public employment and labor market policies. job. Finally, the third axis concerns the dissemination and sharing of knowledge through the dissemination of results and relevant knowledge in the field of employment and labor market policies to stakeholders.
Partners in collaboration with J-PAL and EPoD
To implement this initiative, the J-PAL and EPoD centers will collaborate with a number of institutional partners of MCA-Morocco, including the Ministry of Labor and Professional Integration, the National Agency for the Promotion of Employment and Skills , the National Initiative for Human Development and the National Observatory for Human Development, as well as several national academic and research partners, such as the Policy Center for the New South (PCNS), Mohammed VI Polytechnic University (UM6P ) and the National School of Administration (ENSA).
A worrying rise in unemployment
According to the latest figures from the High Commission for Planning (HCP), the unemployment rate in Morocco is increasing dangerously, especially in this period of crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. Indeed, the latest HCP report indicates that the Moroccan economy has lost no less than 589,000 jobs, between the second quarter of 2019 and the same period of 2020. No sector, from agriculture, to services, via the industry, has not been spared. Thus, agriculture, forestry and fishing lost 477,000 jobs, services 30,000, industry and crafts 69,000 and construction 9,000. In addition, 265 million hours of work per week were lost compared to the second quarter of 2019, equivalent to 5.5 million full-time jobs, underlines the HCP which specifies that this decrease of 53% at the national level affected all sectors, namely construction 71%, industry and crafts 63%, services 54% and agriculture, forestry and fishing 41%. At the national level, the volume of unemployment reached 1,477,000 people with an increase of nearly half a million people (496,000) or 311,000 in urban areas and 185,000 in rural areas.
MARIAMA NDOYE / The ECO Inspirations