LGBTIQ + are acronyms that refer to people with gender identities and sexual orientation other than heterosexual. At first it was known as the LGB movement, but it was adding more acronyms over the years in order to include more groups.
This movement, which dates from the late 1960s, was born as a result of the disturbios de Stonewall Inn, a bar located in the popular New York neighborhood of Greenwich Village, where homosexuals and transsexuals met. On June 28, 1969, a police raid ended in a confrontation with the community LGBT, who reacted in this way since they could not continue with the abuse and mistreatment of law enforcement officers every time they had to inspect the premises.
This event motivated more residents of this Big Apple town to come out to protest in support of lesbians and homosexuals who were treated as criminals during that time. This date would go down in history as the first time that the community LGBT fought against the persecution of homosexuals in the United States.
As a consequence of these demonstrations, two activist organizations were created, the Gay Liberation Front and the Gay Activist Alliance. Both organizations promoted the first actions to make the collective visible LGBTIQ + and claim your rights. A year later, on June 28, 1970, the first march of the Pride, which celebrates diversity and claims the rights of people in the group.
What are the main objectives of the LGBTIQ + movement?
- The abolition of legislation that penalizes homosexuality worldwide.
- Try to raise awareness about the rights that should be granted to LGTB people (initials of lesbian, gay, transgender and bisexual), and achieve equal rights with heterosexuals.
- Try to have a more objective attitude towards these people, that is, eradicate prejudices and attitudes such as homophobia and transphobia from society.
- May everyone respect and treat all those who are part of the LGBT community equally.
What do the initials LGBTIQ + or LGBTTTIQA mean?
Diversity is not divided only between gays and lesbiansTherefore, it is necessary that you understand the meaning of each of its letters.
With the symbol ‘+’ It also seeks to include those who do not identify with the previous categories but who are part of the community.
- Lesbian: Lesbian people identify as women and feel sexual attraction to other women.
- Gay: They are people who identify as men who feel sexual attraction to other men.
- Bisexual: People identify as bisexual if they are sexually attracted to both men and women.
- Transvestite: A transvestite expresses and dresses according to the opposite gender. There are different types of cross-dressing, such as drag, which exaggerates the attributes of some gender change.
- Transexual: Their identity has nothing to do with the role and gender identity assigned to them at birth. Transsexuals assume the opposite identity to those assigned to them and go through a transformation that involves a sex change.
- Transgender: This term refers to people whose gender identities are different from the gender assigned to them at birth. Unlike transsexuals, a transgender does not necessarily have the purpose of making a sex change.
- Intersexual: People with this identity have both genetic and physiological characteristics of the male and female sex.
- Queer: The queer person is one who thinks the relationships, sexual preferences and expressions of a gender outside of heteronormativity. In other words, it is not governed by gender impositions that are based on the assumption that human beings are limited to the identity of male and female.
Why does the Gay Pride flag carry the colors of the rainbow?
It is considered the representative symbol of the collective LGBTIQ +. The rainbow flag was created by the activist and designer Gilbert Baker, at the request of the first openly gay politician in the United States, Harvey Milk. The flag was first used in 1978 at the Gay Pride Festival held in San Francisco, United States.
The flag was reducing its colors, first it had eight colors, then it went to seven and finally it was left with six.
Each color has a meaning:
- Pink represents sexuality.
- Red represents life.
- Orange represents health.
- Yellow represents the sun.
- Green represents nature.
- Turquoise represents magic and art.
- Blue represents harmony and serenity.
- Violet represents the spirit.
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