As far as the pandemic in our country goes, the 85.5% of patients died from COVID-19 they suffered obesity, according to the report of the National Computer System for Deaths (Sinadef), alerted specialists of the Ministry of Health (Minsa).
Specialists from the Minsa Health Promotion team pointed out that the obesity increases the risk of death and complications in COVID-19 positive patients, alters the immune system, decreases lung function through increased resistance in the airways and difficulty expanding the lungs.
“When obese patients need to be admitted to intensive care units (ICUs), it is a challenge to improve their oxygen saturation levels and ventilate them,” he warned.
In this sense, he stressed that education alone is not enough to combat obesity. She stressed that advertising warnings (octagons) on processed products They warn the amount of sugar, sodium, saturated fats and trans fats so that the population knows what they are consuming and can avoid products that are harmful to their health.
“The population has to learn to clearly and easily recognize the number of octagons that processed and ultra-processed products could have, and to know how to responsibly choose what they are consuming,” he said.
He stressed that the food industry can play an important role in the promoting healthy eating reducing the sugar, sodium, saturated fat and trans fat content of processed products; ensuring that healthy and nutritious options are available and affordable for all consumers, and limiting the marketing of products rich in sugar, salt and fat, especially those intended for children and adolescents.
Therefore, he urged the population to consider three fundamental aspects to successfully cope with this period: the healthy alimentation, the physical activity and the managing emotions. He also recalled that this sector is working on disease prevention from the first level of care.
Finally he recommended to the population limit energy intake from the amount of total fat and sugars; increase the consumption of fruits, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts; drink at least two liters of water a day, and perform a periodic physical activity at least 30 minutes a day.
He 43.1% of patients who died from COVID-19 were diabetics and 27.2% hypertensive. That is, its severity increases with these chronic diseases.
Newsletter Everything about the coronavirus
COVID-19 has put everyone on alert. Subscribe to our newsletter Everything about the coronavirus, where you will find the most relevant daily data from the country and the world on the progress of the virus and the fight against its spread.