Jang Jong Yin
On January 28, the 2020 “National Account Book” was released. The national general public budget revenue was 18,289.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year decrease of 3.9%; the national general public budget expenditure was 2,455.8 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 2.8%. Compared with the 5.3% decline in fiscal revenue predicted in the budget report, it was better than expected. When referring to tax cuts and fee reductions, the Ministry of Finance pointed out that since 2020, my country has stepped up its efforts to reduce taxes and fees, and has implemented 7 batches of 28 targeted measures. It is expected that the new burden of enterprises will be reduced by more than 2.5 trillion yuan in 2020. yuan.
The scale of tax and fee reduction has reached a new high, and a series of tax and fee reduction measures have produced timely and powerful policy effects. Behind the quarterly recovery of China’s GDP growth rate in 2020, the tax and fee reduction policy is indispensable.
Statistics show that in terms of the relief of small and micro enterprises, nearly 90% of the country’s more than 50 million small-scale taxpayers will be exempt from value-added tax in 2020, and the levy rate for the remaining 6 million households will be reduced from 3% to 1%. In addition, the transportation, accommodation, service industries and other industries affected by the epidemic benefit the most from tax and fee reductions. From January to November 2020, taxpayers will enjoy the VAT exemption policy, which will reduce the burden of 38.2 billion yuan.
At present, my country’s economy is showing a steady recovery and growth. However, changes in the epidemic and the external environment are still facing many uncertain factors. Some industries are still digesting the adverse effects of the epidemic. The impact on small and medium-sized enterprises is difficult to completely eliminate in the short term, and the economy is stable The foundation is not strong yet.
Therefore, the author believes that it is necessary to continue to promote tax and fee reduction, maintain policy continuity and stability, and continue to exert the effect of tax and fee reduction policies. It is necessary to evaluate the various tax reduction and exemption policies that are about to expire and have expired, and scientifically arrange the implementation period of different policies, maintain the necessary support for economic recovery, and promote the resumption of work and production and the smooth operation of the economy .
The implementation mechanism for tax and fee reduction should be optimized to ensure that enterprises have a real sense of gain. The author has noticed that some places still have non-implementation or false implementation in the process of implementing policies. For example, the State Council recently notified that the government of Huaiyuan County, Bengbu City, Anhui Province, in disguise, requires small-scale taxpayers in the construction industry to apply for registration as general taxpayers, violating regulations and driving up corporate tax costs; the financial department regards local tax contribution as a precondition for payment of construction , Issuing reminders in violation of regulations interferes with the order of tax collection and administration.
At the same time, my country’s tax and fee reduction policy has been going on for several years. In 2020, the scale of tax and fee reduction will hit a new high, which will lead to a decrease in local fiscal revenue in the short term. Supporting local economic and livelihood development requires corresponding expansion of rigid expenditures. The pressure on the balance of payments has increased. It is necessary to reduce the tax and fee burden of market entities, while at the same time having sufficient financial resources to satisfy the people’s pursuit of a better life, and the relationship between the two must be handled properly.
The author believes that in the next step, we should continue to optimize the structure of government expenditures, reduce general expenditures, and ensure investment in key areas, such as stabilizing investment, promoting consumption, ensuring employment, etc., using limited funds on the blade, and insisting on how much money is available. Do what we can and do our best to enhance the sustainability of fiscal policy.