Climate challenge | Letters to the Editor | Opinion

The reality has exceeded scientific forecasts, high temperatures are hitting some regions with droughts, evaporation of water sources, crops, fire risks and loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. The melting of the permafrost layer of the Arctic increases the sea level, affects the coastal profiles and the surrounding infrastructures and communities.

The results of COP27 revealed many things and glimpse others, and one of the many and not so hopeful is the lack of commitment of the most polluting countries to reduce the exploitation of fossil fuels, seconded by the producing countries; despite this, they have once again committed to strengthening funding for the loss and damage fund (totaling more than $230 million, through the transition committee) to remedy climate effects and boost the resilience of the most vulnerable countries . It should be noted that the new challenges adopted raise the need to reinforce ocean science with nature-based solutions, such as blue carbon, to counteract ocean stress (ocean acidification and deoxygenation) caused by increased carbon dioxide of carbon caused by anthropogenic and biogeochemical emissions associated with anthropogenic fertilization of the oceans.

It is worth noting that another and no less important aspect is the challenge of food security and just transition for vulnerable communities. Charting the path that overcomes climate challenges is imperative for effective action on a large scale. (EITHER)

Vincent Mera, manabí

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