City law as a coveted goal – weir

The planned anniversary celebration is jeopardized this year because of Corona.

With the awarding of city rights by the Baden Ministry of the Interior in Freiburg in 1950, a long-desired wish came true for the municipality of Wehr. On this occasion, the BZ reports in three parts on the way to the awarding of city rights. According to Mayor Michael Thater, a small anniversary celebration for the city survey 70 years ago already planned for this year is in danger because of the corona pandemic. Everything depends on the further development of the restrictions, the city chief said.

. Three-day festival
In the official document of the ministry for the city survey it says: “According to the Baden municipal ordinance, the municipality Wehr is given the name city. Freiburg im Breisgau, March 16, 1950. Baden Ministry of the Interior”.

Mayor Eugen Schmidle and the town council then gave the signal for a big city survey celebration. The entire community celebrated the three-day festival from July 8-10, 1950. The festive occasions were even more exhilarating than exactly 60 years earlier when the Wehratalbahn was opened – and it was truly glamorous.

For the municipality of Wehr, the upgrading to a city in 1950 marked the beginning of a new communal age. But until it got this far, the journey was long and arduous. It lasted around 140 years.

First application is rejected
On December 15, 1811, the citizens submitted their first application for the granting of city rights. Wehr had a little more than 1,700 inhabitants after it passed to the Grand Duchy of Baden. The application, signed by the then bailiff Balthasar Ritter, contained ten points that justified the appointment as city. The application was confirmed by 253 citizenship signatures.

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The first point was that the community had been an important market town for the surrounding area since 1363. It was also mentioned that there are many important businesses in the village with 140 craft businesses. In other points, the well-off population and the size of the community in relation to the residents were mentioned. However, the Grand Ducal General Directorate in Karlsruhe rejected the Wehrer application. The district office Sckingen opposed a city survey after it had consulted with the “von Schnauischen Grundherrschaft” in Wehr. This was strictly against the granting of city rights, as it feared that the community would act more confidently as a city of rule.

The relationship between the landlords and the community was tense at the time, since Wehr von Basel had been granted tithing rights, which the rulers had been claiming for some time.

Some setbacks
In the first half of the 19th century, the further development of the community was hampered by the effects of the Napoleonic Wars and the Baden Revolution of 1848/49. There were several crop failures, which resulted in an emergency among people. More and more weirs emigrated to America in the second half of the century. Setbacks were the decommissioning of the hammer mill in 1860 and the Franco-Prussian War in 1870/71. A devastating flood in 1882 exacerbated the municipality’s poor financial situation. At that time, all the bridges were washed away over the Wehra.

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