Child Stunting Problems: Lack of Protein Intake and Obesity in Pregnant Women

Liputan6.com, Jakarta – Stunting is still one of the main problems experienced by children in Indonesia. Stunting It is often associated with a child’s poor diet or nutritional errors. However, this condition turns out to have started since pregnancy.

Obstetrician and obstetrician, Faculty of Medicine, University of Indonesia (FKUI), Prof. Dwiana Ocviyanti, said that it was not only mothers with chronic energy deficiency or KEK who were at risk of giving birth to children. stunting. Mothers who are obese have a higher risk.

According to data, as many as 20 percent of pregnant women in Indonesia are classified as obesity. “Mother is too thin or mother is too fat, both are diseases,” said Dwiana in a virtual discussion on Ramadan, Moments for Parents of Self-Reflection in Optimal Nutrition, Parenting, and Stimulation with the health application About Children, Tuesday (5/4/2022).

Pregnant mother Obese people have two risk factors for giving birth to stunting children. First, obesity increases the risk of preterm birth.

Premature babies are at higher risk of developing stunting. Second, obese mothers are at high risk for high blood pressure and preeclampsia, which is a condition of increased blood pressure accompanied by protein in the urine.

So, it is most likely that the fetus of the mother with high blood pressure will have high blood pressure intrauterine growth restriction, namely stunted fetal growth resulting in low birth weight. Dwiana, who is the Chair of the Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) Working Group of the Indonesian Obstetrics and Gynecology Association (POGI), advised women who want to get pregnant to plan their pregnancy well.

The ideal weight of a woman who wants to get pregnant is not more than 60 kilograms and not less than 45 kilograms, if her height is between 150–160 centimeters. When pregnant also increases body weight must be guarded.

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Indonesia is still a country with a high number of stunting cases. Based on 2018 Global Nutrition Report (GPR) data, Indonesia’s stunting prevalence is ranked 108th out of 132 countries.

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