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Merdeka.com – Cervical cancer or cervical cancer is cancer that occurs when there are abnormal cells in the cervix, aka the cervix, and develop continuously and uncontrollably. These abnormal cells can grow quickly, causing tumors on the cervix. Malignant tumors later develop into uterine cancer.
Uterine cancer is very common throughout the world. According to the World Health Organization or WHO, uterine cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in women. Furthermore, WHO also observed that the incidence of cervical cancer is greater in developing countries than in developed countries.
However, the causes of uterine cancer are not widely known. In Indonesia, the Ministry of Health noted that uterine cancer is the second most common type of cancer after breast cancer.
Every year, there are about 40,000 new cases of cervical cancer detected in Indonesian women. Furthermore, the following is information regarding the causes cervical cancer What you need to know, complete with symptoms, has been summarized through cancer.org.au:
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Causes of Uterine Cancer
The first cause of uterine cancer is smoking. This is none other than because tobacco has been shown to contain many chemicals that are not good for the body. Investigate a calibaration of women who smoke have a risk two times greater than non-smokers in developing uterine cancer. Therefore, many believe that smoking is one of the causes of uterine cancer.
2. Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) infection
Other causes of uterine cancer can occur through sexual intercourse with multiple partners which increases the risk of getting HPV 16 and 18. Likewise, risky sexual behavior such as unprotected sex or sharing sex toys (sex toys) are the same.
In addition, women who have never received the HPV vaccine (immunization) are certainly more susceptible to being infected with HPV which can lead to cervical cancer.
3. Chlamydial Infection
Uterine cancer can also be caused by infection with one of the sexually transmitted diseases, namely chlamydia. This is based on the results of several studies that show a higher risk of cervical cancer in women with blood test results that show they have or are currently having chlamydial infection.
4. Getting pregnant or giving birth at a very young age
Getting pregnant and or giving birth at a very young age, such as when you are under 17 years old is also one of the causes of uterine cancer. Women who were younger than 17 at the time of their first pregnancy (no miscarriage) were twice as likely to develop uterine cancer.
Another cause of uterine cancer is immunosuppression. Medications or conditions that affect the immune system, such as the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS, can increase the risk of getting HPV infection and cervical cancer.
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Symptoms of Uterine Cancer
In addition to knowing the causes of uterine cancer, to prevent a more dangerous risk of uterine cancer, it is also important to know what are the symptoms of uterine cancer. Nothing else to be faster in taking treatment action. The following are symptoms of uterine cancer that you must know, namely:
- Unusual vaginal bleeding is the most common symptom of uterine cancer, especially after menopause.
- Drastic and unexplained weight loss.
- Difficulty urinating or a change in bowel habits.
If you experience these symptoms, immediately consult a doctor for prompt and appropriate treatment.
In addition to the causes of uterine cancer and its symptoms, the following are some things that women can do to prevent cervical cancer from happening to themselves and those closest to us. Here’s how to prevent uterine cancer, namely as follows:
- Eat nutrient-rich foods and live a healthy lifestyle.
- Maintain body health and environmental sanitation.
- Avoid cleaning the genitals with dirty water
- If you are a smoker, immediately stop this bad habit
- Avoid having sex at an early age
- Always be loyal to your partner, don’t change, let alone be followed by intimate relationships.
- Do a Pap smear at least once every 2 years, especially for those who have actively had sex.
- If you’ve never had sex, it’s a good idea to get vaccinated against HPV.
- Expand the consumption of vegetable foods that contain quite a lot of beta carotene, consume vitamins C and E.