Causes of bleeding gums when brushing their teeth

When brushing your teeth, you may find that your little one’s gums are bleeding. Cannot be considered as a matter of course. Bleeding gums when brushing your teeth can be a sign of another problem.

Then actually, what causes bleeding gums when brushing teeth? Is it because it’s too hard to clean your teeth? Bleeding gums of children when brushing their teeth can be caused by various things, Ma.

However, it is usually caused by plaque or tartar buildup on the teeth. The amount of plaque or tartar causes the gums to become inflamed so that they can bleed when brushing your teeth.

Further, here explain the causes of bleeding gums in children when brushing their teeth along with how to overcome them.

1. Bleeding gums caused by inflammation of the gums

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Inflammation of the gums or in medical terms is known as gingivitis. Is the cause of bleeding gums when brushing teeth.

This inflammation of the gums usually occurs due to a layer of plaque or bacteria that builds up on the teeth. Quoted from MedicalNewsToday, gingivitis is a non-destructive type of periodontal disease.

However, if untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis which is more serious and could lead to tooth loss, Ma.

Signs of gingivitis usually include red, swollen gums that bleed easily when brushing or cleaning your teeth.

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2. Types of inflammation of the gums

2. Types of gum inflammation

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In general, there are 2 types of inflammation of the gums (gingivitis), namely:

  • Gingivitis caused by dental plaque. This can be caused by plaque, systemic factors, medications, or malnutrition.
  • Gingivitis caused by non-plaque. This can be caused by certain bacteria, viruses, or fungi. It can also be caused by genetic factors, systemic conditions (including allergic reactions and certain diseases), injuries, or reactions to foreign objects, such as dentures.
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3. The cause of the gums to become inflamed so they bleed easily

3. The cause of the gums to become inflamed so they bleed easily

Pexels / Ketut Subiyanto

The most common cause of gingivitis is a buildup of bacterial plaque between and around the teeth. Plaque triggers an immune response which can eventually cause damage to the gingival tissue or gums. Even in the end, it can lead to further complications, namely tooth loss.

Dental plaque is a biofilm that naturally accumulates on the teeth. Usually formed by bacterial colonies trying to stick to the smooth surface of the teeth.

These bacteria can help protect the mouth from the colonization of harmful microorganisms, but dental plaque can also cause tooth decay, and periodontal problems such as gingivitis and chronic periodontitis, gum infections.

If plaque is not removed adequately, it can harden into tartar at the base of the tooth or near the gums. Usually yellow in color and can only be cleaned professionally or by a doctor’s action by scaling.

Plaque and tartar that are not cleaned will build up and eventually irritate the gums. The gums also become inflamed around the base of the teeth and bleed easily.

4. How to deal with bleeding gums when brushing your teeth

4. How to deal with bleeding gums when brushing your teeth


If the bleeding gums in the child are caused by gingivitis or the accumulation of plaque and plaque on the teeth, then Mama needs to take the Little One to the doctor for treatment.

The dentist will perform a professional cleaning to remove plaque, tartar, and bacteria. This procedure is called scaling and root canal treatment.

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Scaling will remove tartar and bacteria from the surface of the teeth and under the gums. Whereas root canal treatment can remove bacteria produced by inflammation, smooth the surface of the roots, prevent further buildup of tartar and bacteria, and allow proper healing.

In addition, dental restorations will usually be performed if necessary. For example, repair of misaligned teeth or ill-fitting crown. This dental condition can irritate the gums and make it difficult to remove plaque during daily oral care so that the gums become inflamed and bleed easily.

5. Prevention of bleeding gums due to inflammation

5. Prevention of bleeding gums due to inflammation

Pexels/Cotton Bro

In addition to treatment to the right dentist to deal with bleeding gums. Mama also needs to teach children to carry out further care as a form of prevention, by:

  • brush your teeth 2 times a day or, better yet, after every meal or snack,
  • use a soft toothbrush and replace it at least every 3–4 months,
  • consider using an electric toothbrush, which may be more effective at removing plaque and tartar,
  • use mouthwash to help reduce plaque between the teeth,
  • complete brushing and cleaning your teeth with an interdental cleaner, such as dental floss, so that your teeth can clean between them,
  • do a professional dental examination and cleaning to the dentist, at least every 6 months.

Also pay attention to the child’s food and drink intake so as not to cause damage to the gums and teeth, Ma.

That is the cause, how to deal with, and prevention of bleeding gums when your little one is brushing their teeth. Hope this is useful, yes.

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