Brown fat in the body protects against heart disease and diabetes … A study demonstrates

A new study published by the British newspaper “Daily Mail” found that people who have “brown fat” are less likely to develop cardiovascular disease and chronic metabolic disease, as brown fat, also known as brown adipose tissue, turns food into heat for the body.


Brown fat protects you from heart disease

Researchers looked at PET scans of 52,000 patients and compared those with detectable brown fat or not, and the research showed that 9.5% of people without detectable brown fatty tissue had type 2 diabetes compared to 4.6% of people who had type 2 diabetes. Suffer from brown fat, in addition, 22.2% of people without brown fat had abnormal cholesterol compared to 18.9% of the control group.

White fat threatens your health
White fat threatens your health

A new study has found that not all fats are equal and some of them can actually help us combat many health conditions, and scientists from The Rockefeller University in New York City have discovered how brown fat benefits our health, also known as brown adipose tissue. The main role of brown fat is in Converting the food we eat into body heat.

The researchers found that people with detectable brown fat were 14% less likely to have abnormally high cholesterol and have half the risk of developing type 2 diabetes..

Additionally, there was also a lower risk of developing high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, and coronary artery disease, as brown fat burns calories when activated.

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Brown fat is usually found in the neck and upper back, as well as around the kidneys and spinal cord, the newspaper said. Humans lose most of the brown fat after going through childhood, but it can be formed through exercise and good sleep..

She added, brown fat differs a lot from white fat, or white adipose tissue, which is the type of fat that most people know, as white fat stores energy in large fat pockets around the body and produces hormones that are secreted into the bloodstream, explaining that the abundance of white fat, especially in the area The abdomen, hips, or thighs increases the risk of obesity and diabetes.

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On the other hand, research indicates that adults with lower body mass indices and normal blood sugar levels tend to have more brown fat, the authors say the study is the largest of its kind in humans and expands on the health benefits of brown fat suggested in previous studies.

Dr. Paul Cohen, the chief attending physician at The Rockefeller University Hospital, said for the first time that he revealed a link to a reduced risk of certain conditions, explaining that these results make us more confident about the possibility of targeting brown fat for its therapeutic benefits“.

For the study, which was published in the journal Nature Medicine, The team looked at more than 130,000 PET scans from more than 52,000 patients..

Researchers found brown fat in approximately 10% of patients. After that, they compared conditions for both groups of patients and found that those with brown fat were less likely to suffer from heart and metabolic disease. For example, it was 9.5% of those without. Detectable brown fat with type 2 diabetes, compared to 4.6%..

Moreover, people with brown fat were less likely to have high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, and coronary artery disease..

In another surprising finding, among obese people with detectable brown fat, they had the same prevalence of these conditions as non-obese people with brown adipose tissue..

One theory is that because brown fat cells consume glucose to burn calories, the newspaper confirmed.

Cohen said: “We are studying the possibility that brown adipose tissue does more than just consume glucose and burn calories, and may actually participate in sending hormonal signals to other organs. For future research, the team hopes to study whether there are genetic variants to explain why there are.” Brown fat Some people have more than others.

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