Jakarta, CNN Indonesia –
A rare medical condition that a woman experiences sick for 16 months. Only emergency surgery saved his life.
Rebecca Bostock started experiencing abdominal swelling in January 2020 which made it difficult for her to eat.
“My stomach was so swollen I couldn’t breathe. I was sick, I couldn’t take any medication,” Bostock said, quoting Mirror.
The doctor in charge said that Bostock needed emergency surgery. If surgery is not done, then Bostock’s life could be threatened. Bostock was diagnosed with Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome (SMAS).
SMAS itself is a rare condition. The nurse at Gloucestershire Royal Hospital, UK, admits she has only treated three cases of SMAS in the last 27 years. SMAS is known as a rare disease that only affects less than 1 percent of the population.
Before the operation, Bostock admitted to suffering from the pain for 16 months. During that time, his stomach is swollen, accompanied by fever, nausea, diarrhea, and dizziness.
Several times checked, the doctors suspect the swelling occurs due to endometriosis or irritable bowel syndrome. Bostock was also advised to change their diet.
“Initially [perubahan pola makan] not helpful. Then, the symptoms got worse again so that I could not walk and breathe, “said Bostock.
Citing a page Rare Diseases, SMAS is a digestive condition that occurs when the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine) is compressed between two arteries. This compression causes partial or complete blockage of the duodenum.
Patients will experience symptoms that differ from one another, based on severity. However, these symptoms can leave the patient feeling extremely weak.
Some of the symptoms that may arise include abdominal pain, fullness in the stomach, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. There are also several other symptoms such as feeling full quickly after eating, bloating after eating, belching, to small intestinal obstruction.
SMAS is generally caused by the loss of the mesenteric fatty layer or fatty tissue surrounding the superior mesenteric artery. This condition is most commonly caused by significant weight loss due to certain medical conditions, both physical and psychological.
Delay in diagnosis can lead to significant complications in SMAS patients.