Making a statement after the Scientific Committee’s recommendation that ‘schools should not be opened for at least another month’ Education Minister Ziya Selcuk“On September 21, we decided to begin face-to-face training in the classes recommended by the Scientific Committee, gradually and diluted,” he said. Hacettepe University Education Sciences faculty member Prof. Dr. Selahattin Gelbal evaluated the Minister’s statements with the following words: “The statement of the Minister of National Education Ziya Selçuk resembles the ‘hybrid education’ model. The hybrid education model means both teaching the lessons face-to-face and benefiting from non-face-to-face training. These can be online or in the form of watching videos that we call asynchronous. Since there is no video in the online course, it is not clear whether the child is actively participating or not. There is a problem in education in asynchronous applications, it is not possible to follow whether the child is watching or not.
CRITICAL CLASSES CAN BEGIN FIRST
Diluted training means that certain lessons are done face-to-face and other lessons are done remotely. Some lessons that I understand from here will be like this. Selection exams are coming again. The courses to be focused on in face-to-face education seem to be focused in parallel with the selection exams. The number of questions in the exam is less than religion, the history of revolution, foreign language lessons, Turkish, mathematics and science. Courses with a high number of questions and coefficients can gain weight in face-to-face education, others can be taught by distance education. “
It was announced that the transition to face-to-face education will also be made gradually. So not all levels will start school at the same time. Certain grade levels will start face-to-face training, then the transition to other levels will be provided. Minister Selçuk said, “We will determine which age groups will start with priority again in line with the recommendations of scientists.” Professor Dr. Gelbal also commented on the gradual transition: “Exam preparation programs can also be taken into account in gradual transition. The 8th and 12th grades and primary school 1st grade can start face-to-face education first. 8th grade students will prepare for high school entrance exams and 12th graders will prepare for university exams. Primary school 1st graders will also start school for the first time. Then gradually other intermediate classes can join them. Critical classes can start school, not all classes at the same time. “
65 percent of students in the WORLD are unable to return to school. In the short report of the World Bank titled “The education system’s response to COVID-19”, it was underlined that according to the data determined as of July 12, schools have started to reopen in 56 countries, but schools in their countries are still closed for more than 1.13 billion students. This figure represents 65 percent of students in the world. Most of the closed schools are in the African continent.
WHAT IS HYBRID EDUCATION?
The Minister of National Education Selçuk gave the following details about ‘hybrid education’ at the National Education Commission of the Turkish Grand National Assembly on 23 July: “According to the hybrid model we explained earlier, face-to-face and distance education will be given together. Lesson hours of 40 hours per week will be reduced. It is emphasized that the course hours should be 20 hours. Basic courses such as Mathematics, Turkish and Science will be given face to face at the school. Courses such as geography, physical education, history, life studies and art will be distance education. Classes will be divided into two. One group will go to school on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays and another group will go to school on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays. “
How will distance education continue?
The distance learning materials starting on August 31 are as follows:
TRT EBA TV: Following the announcement of the first case, the Ministry of Education launched EBA TVs in partnership with TRT, with the schools vacationed. The follow-up of the lessons in distance education will also be done through these channels. The weekly program to be broadcast on EBA TV Primary School, EBA TV Middle School, EBA TV High School channels will be announced by the ministry.
EBA internet: Students will access lecture videos, mock exams and tests from eba.gov.tr. Teachers will be able to communicate with their students through this channel.
Live lesson: Each student will be able to attend live lessons in their own classroom via the EBA platform. The teacher will be able to watch the lesson live in sync with his students.
UNIVERSITIES WILL BE OPENED AFTER 1 OCTOBER
Chairman of the Council of HIGHER EDUCATION (YÖK) Prof. Dr. Yekta Saraç said that universities could be opened after October 1. “As of today, we asked our universities to plan their educational calendars to begin after October 1,” on Twitter, Saraç said that they provide universities with extensive opportunities in decision-making processes in order to dilute students on campuses and reduce mobility, and that universities can make different applications on the basis of faculties and programs. In the written statement made by YÖK, it was stated that thanks to this method, the number of students in the campuses will be reduced by half, and a mixed model (hybrid), which combines face-to-face and distance education, has been introduced in the higher education system.