22,000 patients await organs for transplants

KARLA PADILLA/THE WATCHER
[email protected] | Ensenada, B. C.

In Mexico there are more than 22,000 patients waiting for a transplant, of which 17,000 are specifically people waiting for a kidney transplant, reported Marlene Santos Caballero, head of the Transplant Division of the Mexican Institute of Social Security ( IMSS).
He recalled that patients who require a transplant is because their organs no longer function and they are in a critical health stage for which there is no other option than the replantation of an organ or tissue.
Santos Caballero mentioned that there are two types of donors, which are living, who can donate a kidney or part of the liver, as long as they are compatible with the patient; and the cadaverous, those who suffer brain death.
For example, he explained that kidney transplants can be done through a living donor, who can be a family member or friend of the patient; while those people who do not have this option from someone close to them, are added to the national waiting list, to receive an organ or tissue from a deceased donor.
“In the Mexican Institute of Social Security there is that possibility, although the conditions are not always the most favorable, we always try to reach the majority of patients who require an organ,” he stressed.
The specialist indicated that more than 40 percent of the transplants that are done throughout the country are performed at the IMSS, so when there is a donor in any entity, the National Transplant Center is informed and a whole movement is made to make it.
“And in the best of cases, that a donor can give life to many patients, we remember that without a donor there is no transplant… today we are resuming activity, more than a thousand transplants have been carried out so far in 2022,” he mentioned.
Likewise, he said that all IMSS hospitals are working to have a hospital donation coordinator and that all of them can have donation programs through which, although transplants are not carried out in those centers, it is possible to reach the hospitals where they are carried out. these surgeries.
“Transplants are increasingly necessary for many patients and we have the intention of reaching more and more Mexicans who have these diseases and who require these organs,” he reiterated.

especially kidney
The majority of transplants in Mexico, he pointed out, are performed from living donors, specifically kidneys, while skull donors can donate liver, heart and lungs, as well as tissues such as corneas, bones, skin and heart valves, according to the conditions in which the patient with brain death is.
Finally, he mentioned that the most common transplant programs in Mexico are kidney, liver, heart, cornea and lung.

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