Tetanized, the French? Despite a very tense social climate since the arrival of the "yellow vests", they remain very much open to the idea of a complete overhaul of the pension system. According to an Elabe poll for "Les Echos", Radio Classique and the Montaigne Institute, 66% of them are in favor of the government's plan to create a universal point-based pension system, which would bring together public employees, civil servants and the independents.
Significant support for the teams of the High Commission for Pension Reform, which drives this high-risk reform, towards a bill by the summer.
Negative diagnostics on the current system
In fact, the most enthusiastic supporters of this aggiornamento are among retirees (69%) and executives and intellectual professions (68%). Membership is more moderate among the lower socio-professional categories (60%) and especially among civil servants (50%). The voters of Emmanuel Macron and François Fillon are enthusiastic, while those of Marine Le Pen and Jean-Luc Mélenchon are more divided.
This desire for change goes hand in hand with negative diagnoses of the current pension system. In fact, 57% of those surveyed find that it works poorly, and only 4% consider that it works very well. Worse, 64% believe that the system is
. In the eyes of Bernard Sananes, President of Elabe, this is good news for the executive: "Opinion crystallizes more about injustice than about inefficiency. For the first time perhaps, the government will be able to introduce an equity reform. " What was precisely the starting goal of Emmanuel Macron.
VIDEO The analysis of Bernard Sananès (Elabe)
Resignation and anxiety
"There is a space to carry this reform"Bernard Sananès says, while the capacity of a weakened executive to lead such an ambitious project is currently questioned. However, "It's not a blank check for the government"he warns. First, respondents who find the current system most unfair - the voters of insubordinate France or the National Gathering - are paradoxically the most reluctant to change. There is a hiatus between their wishes and the government project, and especially a fear of losing the change.
Secondly, old anxieties are still there. While Emmanuel Macron promised that he would not change the parameters such as the age or the level of pensions, 69% of respondents expect an increase in the minimum age of departure, currently 62 years to the regime. basic.
An ambivalent percentage. It testifies to a form of resignation of the French, who see well that one lives more and more old, but also of an anxiety, according to Bernard Sananès: "This figure says a form of vigilance, which can call into question the acceptance of the reform"he judges.
Similarly, 58% of French people think their pensions will go down. If these preoccupations become abscesses of fixation, they will quickly do away with the benevolence of respondents, many of whom hope to simplify the system, more equity and better consideration of hard jobs, long careers or disability .
Survey conducted on January 8 and 9, 2019 among a sample of 1,001 people, according to the quota method.