Well, but can do better. Unlike the training of the unemployed or the subsidized contracts, the Court of Auditors takes a rather positive view of integration through economic activity (IAE), one of the oldest schemes to support the long-term unemployed. This does not prevent him from pointing out his shortcomings. "The IAE has encouraging results, which are, however, under-evaluated and incomplete", write the financial magistrates in a report published on Tuesday.
The IAE appeared in the 1970s as local initiatives and gradually gained institutional recognition. Today, there are 3,700 structures, most of them under associative status, with a variety of economic models: provision of employees, production of goods or services, profit or not ... The most common outlets are services to the person or communities, the maintenance of green spaces or the recovery of waste.
In the four major historical families (insertion companies or temporary integration work, workshops and integration projects or intermediary associations), the law "Avenir professionnel" has added another, geared towards the self-employed. All rely on the triptych "professional situation-accompaniment-training", all for a period of time limited to 24 months most of the time.
On average, 132,300 people were employed in an integration job each month in 2017, knowing that the IAE depends on state funding, in the form of support for posts mainly (830 million in 2017), to develop. For what efficiency? Rates of return to work, at around 37%, are "Rather favorable with regard to the profile of the beneficiaries", the Court emphasizes, especially as they tend to improve for the most disadvantaged beneficiaries.
The problem is that the measurement of the effectiveness of the IAE is still poor, that its businesses are fragile, and that the budgetary allocations that are allocated to them are not optimal. Not to mention the bureaucracy that plague their relations with Pôle emploi or the State.
Correcting all this is the challenge of the upcoming major reform of the IAE led by the new Council for Inclusion in Employment (CIE). A bit like it did for adapted companies and disability, the Ministry of Labor promises to release credits (100,000 additional posts by 2022) against a major productivity effort. "A progress report will be produced in three months that will foreshadow an upcoming law on inclusion", assures Thibaut Guilluy, the president of the CIE.
Without waiting, the Court of Accounts has made a dozen proposals that go in this direction. Welcoming the report, the Federation of Integration Enterprises, which brings together part of the sector, said it was ready for this major project. It also intends to make proposals "Innovative" in unemployment insurance.