The AA says that plans to charge drivers up to £ 1,000 a year for on-the-job parking could become a "wheel-drive".
Plans to reduce congestion, reduce pollution and raise funds for public transport will be considered by at least ten authorities to provide parking for the workplace.
The fees would affect companies with more than 10 parking spaces and the competent authority said the costs would be passed on to the workers.
The levy has already been introduced in Nottingham, where four out of ten companies transfer costs to staff.
Since its launch in 2012, the fee has raised £ 53.7 million used to upgrade the Nottingham tram network.
The Hounslow Council in West London proposes to charge £ 500 to £ 1,000 per parking space each year and at least nine other councils are considering charging the levy.
Other solvent authorities are likely to consider the measure as there is a lack of resources to improve roads and public transport.
The city councils of Edinburgh and Glasgow have announced that they will advance the indictment, while Reading, Oxford, Bristol, Cambridge and the London boroughs of Merton, Brent and Camden are in the consultation phase.
Pollution from traffic has been linked to childhood asthma, bronchitis, dementia and high blood pressure.
The Nottingham City Council says it has been the only major city in England since the introduction of the levy that has reduced traffic on A-roads during the morning rush hour.
However, AA President Edmund King said, "We need more incentives to switch to electric vehicles than a tax on work to drive out of town or out of business.
"If it extends to other cities, parking fees for the workplace could become the new tax on wheels."
A survey of nearly 9,000 AA members working in large cities found that 57% were motorists and had free parking, while 17% said they would probably need to change jobs if parking was introduced at work.