Tribune. The movement of "yellow vests" is primarily a mobilization of workers for purchasing power. The cost of living is increasing largely because of the rise in world oil prices, but also the necessary increase in the carbon tax to encourage businesses and households to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.
The increase in the cost of living related to this ecological tax can be offset by redistributive measures for poor families and low-wage workers, by the revalorization of active solidarity income (RSA) and by an extension of the premium activity (to which the government has already decided to give a helping hand), so that it can benefit workers earning up to € 1,700 net monthly salary.
The effectiveness of a revaluation of these benefits is however limited by the importance of their non-recourse. Nearly one-third of those eligible for the basic RSA (according to the Family Allowances Fund) and 27% of the workers who are entitled to the activity bonus (according to the Ministry of Health and Solidarity) do not apply for these allowances. however, they are entitled either because of ignorance of the devices, or because of the cumbersome administrative procedures and the stigma associated with a request for social assistance. Non-recourse therefore prevents not only the fight against poverty - laborious or not -, but also to effectively compensate for the ant-distributive effects of the necessary increase in ecological taxation.
It therefore seems essential to replace the RSA and the activity premium with a single, degressive income allowance, the payment of which would be automated: the beneficiaries would no longer have to take steps to receive this allowance, since the coordination Tax and social services will make it easy to identify who is eligible for the benefit and to pay it automatically. For simplification, this one-time allowance could eventually absorb housing benefits.