2018, a record year for business creation in France

In 2018, 691,283 new companies were created in France, 100,000 more than in 2017 (+ 16.9%), according to INSEE figures published on Tuesday. A record. The previous peak was in 2010, the year following the creation of the status of the autoentrepreneur. We had then reached 622,000 creations.

And all types of businesses are concerned with this success. Microentrepreneurs grew by 25.5% in 2018 (vs. + 8.7% in 2017), individual companies by 20% and companies by 1.6%. Progress is more modest for companies but this is the first time that the bar of the 200,000 created companies is exceeded.

Create your own job

More than two out of five creations are registration applications from microentrepreneurs. Several factors can explain this spectacular surge. Some are positive, for example the fact that business creation is more valued and facilitated in recent years in France. Others are less so like mass unemployment. Some people create their own jobs if they do not find one in an already established company.

For 2018, a particular factor played in favor of micro-enterprise: it is the doubling of turnover thresholds that make it possible to benefit from the simplified micro-social and micro-tax scheme (social contributions are notably fixed-rate). Since January 2018, this threshold has increased from € 82,800 to € 170,000 for the sale of goods or commodities and from € 33,200 to € 70,000 for services.

Announced in the fall of 2017, this doubling of the thresholds has led to an upsurge in the creation of microenterprises by the end of 2017, but the phenomenon has become more widespread in 2018, as evidenced by the figures published on Tuesday. On the other hand, we do not know the number of entrepreneurs in conventional private companies who would have left their original regime to join that of microenterprise, because of this doubling of thresholds.

Deletion of the mandatory internship

2019 should be another good year for microenterprise creations. The government will do everything in its power with the Pact Bill, which is being re-examined in the Senate this week. The text provides for the abolition of the stage prior to installation (a paid internship) that all business owners in the field of crafts and commerce must carry out since the Pinel law of 2014. The text also removes the obligation to have a separate professional bank account as long as the turnover does not exceed 10.000 euros.

Autoentrepreneurs in the big debate

The Union of Autoentrepreneurs launched Tuesday an online consultation as part of the great national debate. It aims to gather the opinion of autoentrepreneurs on taxation, but also on their level of social protection, including the setting of new social contributions, and the fact of making or not contributing digital platforms on behalf of autoentrepreneurs that they use.

Marie Bellan