The Hubble telescope is a telescope space which was launched into Earth orbit in 1990.
Over the years in orbit, the Hubble Space Telescope has captured a variety of stunning images of outer space, from views of planets above solar system us to distant planets, stars and galaxies.
Scientists continue to use the Hubble telescope to observe the still unexplored space. According to ThoughtCo, here are 12 iconic photos from the Hubble Space Telescope.
1. Photos of the Solar System
Exploring our solar system with the Hubble Space Telescope gives astronomers the opportunity to obtain clear, sharp images. In addition to images of planets around the earth, comets are common in our solar system highlight Capture of the Hubble Space Telescope.
One of which is Comet Deployment Spring which has one orbit beyond Mars before approaching it Sun. Hubble used it to obtain images of the jets ejected by the comet as it approaches our star.
2. The Monkey Head Nebula
The Hubble Space Telescope celebrated 24 years of success in April 2014 with an infrared image of a stellar nursery some 6,400 light-years away.
The cloud of gas and dust in the image above is part of a larger cloud (nebula) dubbed the Monkey Head Nebula (Monkey head). Astronomers list it as NGC 2174 or Sharpless Sh2-252.
3. Orion Nebula
The Orion Nebula, which is about 1,500 light-years away, is a favorite among star connoisseurs. The central region of the nebula is home to 3,000 stars of all sizes and ages.
The Hubble Telescope captured the Orion Nebula in infrared light, revealing many previously invisible stars hidden in clouds of gas and dust.
4. The Pillar of Creation
In 1995, Hubble Space Telescope scientists released one of the most popular images ever made with the observatory, namely “The Pillar of Creation“. This image captured people’s imaginations as it gave a close-up look at the birth region of stars.
5. The Ring Nebula
Ring of Nebula o The Ring Nebula is a favorite of amateur astronomers. The blue structure in the image is from a glowing shell of helium gas. The bluish white dot in the center is a dying star heating the gas and causing it to glow.
The nebula is expanding at more than 43,000 miles per hour, but Hubble data shows the center is moving faster than the main rings are expanding.
6. The Cat’s Eye Nebula
Cat’s Eye Nebula or The Cat’s Eye Nebula named NGC 6543 by the Hubble Space Telescope. This object has a complex structure. Astronomers believe this is the last breath of a dying star similar to our Sun.
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7. Alpha Centauri
The star system closest to our solar system, Alpha Centauri, is one of the brightest star systems. Alpha Centauri is about 4.1 light-years away. The entire cluster has more than 100,000 stars packed into an area of 150 light years.
8. The Pleiades star cluster
The Pleiades star cluster, often known as “Seven Sistersis one of the most popular astronomical objects in the sky. Observers can see this beautiful little open cluster with the naked eye or very easily with a telescope.
There are over a thousand stars in the cluster, and most are relatively young (about 100 million years old) and several times the mass of the Sun. For comparison, our Sun is about 4.5 billion years old and has a mass average.
9. The Crab Nebula
This object cannot be seen with the naked eye and requires a good quality telescope. What you see in the photo above is the remains of a massive star that exploded on its own in a supernova explosion that was first seen on Earth in 1054 AD
The Crab Nebula is located approximately 6,500 light-years from Earth. The star that exploded and created this nebula is many times more massive than the Sun.
10. Large Magellanic Cloud
Sometimes images of objects from the Hubble telescope look like abstract works of art. That’s what happened with this view of a supernova remnant called N 63A. This object is found in the Large Magellanic Cloud, which is a close galaxy to the Milky Way and is approximately 160,000 light-years away.
11. Galactic triplets
These three galaxies are called Arp 274. Although they appear to overlap, these three galaxies are at different distances. Two of them are spiral galaxies and the third (far left) has a very dense structure.
These three galaxies are located approximately 400 million light-years from our solar system in a cluster of galaxies called the Virgo Cluster.
12. Photos of the vast universe
One of Hubble’s most exciting discoveries is that the universe is made up of galaxies as far as we can see. The variety of galaxies ranges from the familiar spiral shape (like our Milky Way) to irregularly shaped clouds of light (like the Magellanic Clouds). They are arranged in larger structures such as clusters and superclusters.
Most of the galaxies in this Hubble image are about 5 billion light-years away, but some are further away, representing a time when the universe was much younger.